A Unified Theory of Creation

"This is what the Lord says, he who made the earth, the Lord who formed it and established it – the Lord is his name: Call to me and I will answer you and tell you great and un-searchable things you do not know." -- Jeremiah 33:2,3


Preface to Theory of Creation.

The following Theory, sets out a possible framework in which the Creation Events immediately below are logically expressed.

1.    It explains logically how six actual 24 hour days are involved.

2.    It shows where the ancient fossils come from.

3.    It explains the scientific reason how there was light, night and day, before the sun was “created”.

4.    It proposes a sound reason for the appearance of the Rainbow after Noah's flood..

5.    It suggests why human life-span dramatically shortened after the flood of Noah.

         While the days spoken of in Genesis 1 are clearly of 24 hours duration, (see repeated "evening and morning), it is proposed that the acts described in those 6 x 24 hour periods were in fact, 6 visions or revelations portraying events of differing lengths. Also that in execution, some or all probably overlapped and in part some ran concurrently.  An examination of the food and environmental requirements of a number of the life forms would appear to demand some sort of concurrent creation. We do not need to make the actual acts of creation fit into six 24 hour days. That "evening and morning" period was the time in which this epoch of creation was revealed, the events themselves could span aeons or have been created instantaneously. 

        Those who insist on an actual 6 days of creation, try to explain the great age we observe, by claiming that God created a young universe with “an appearance of age”.  This idea sails close to involving God in a deception and questions Paul’s words in Romans 1:20 “For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities-- his eternal power and divine nature--have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made . . .” 
Six day creationists also need to explain if the events revealed in each "day" took the whole 24 hours or were some days just a part-day's work.  Some will point out that the record is "a poem" - I'm not sure how to define a poem although I have written a number of what I thought were poems and fail to see how that changes what we are proposing here.  Are not Poems just another literary means to tell a story?

        The general theory I have adopted is not new, P.J. Wiseman* proposed the opinion that God took six literal days to reveal the steps of creation.  Obviously there was no human eye-witness.  According to this view, Genesis 1 is the record of the revelation of the work of creation.  The period between Genesis verse 1 and verse 3 is not a part of the "six days" and is referred to as “the Gap” and is an undefined period, between which the whole universe was created and planet earth was furnished. Verse 3 onwards is a detailed description only of this planet subsequent to a global catastrophe for which we make the assumption was possibly caused at the fall and casting down of Satan.  The 're-furnishing' is portrayed in six daily revelations.  * P.J. Wiseman, Clues to Creation in Genesis, London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1977.

            Central to my argument are the following propositions:

        (a) The knowledge of the stages or 'steps' of creation were revealed as a series of visions, similar to a video “action playback” of a sporting event, and composed in a sequential manner that could be logically inscribed in a written format.  Each “vision” is accounted for during a single 24 hour “day” – note the words “evening and morning” –  It is also interesting to note here that the idea of “evening and morning” has no subjective relevance for a rotating globe, except when the events are viewed from a fixed geographic location.  Therefore, our 'visions' are from an earthside perspective.

    (b) The language and idiom of the Genesis account is more pictorial than we Westerners generally use. We have to adopt the ‘historical/grammatical’ principal of interpretation and get to see the “picture” rather than argue over semantics.  The picture in (a) above, we believe, fits the intention of the words.  Reference was made above to the account being said to be a 'poem' - I don't see what difference that makes to our proposal.

        (c) The Biblical record was given to be understood by ordinary people, for it provides the foundation to our knowledge of the nature of God and the plan of redemption.  It is fundamental to our faith.  Therefore, the plain text meaning of the record, cannot be intended to be a mystery or the preserve of scholars and the obscure subject of much learned debate or Jewish mysticism, poetic or otherwaise. 

        Some years ago the writer received a small revelation.  On visiting the Louvre, in one of the galleries there hung a very large painting covering almost the entire wall.  Instinctively, I stepped backwards until I could see the whole work and only then was it possible to appreciate the story the artist had depicted.  Later, I felt prompted to apply that same approach to my reading of the Bible and rather than indulge in scholarly research or argument as to the meaning of individual words, to “step back” and try to understand what the Artist had intended by the larger ‘word pictures’ of Scripture.

        Moses would have understood the creation story as well as he understood the Torah.  Paul said, “For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities-- his eternal power and divine nature-- have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse.” Romans 1:20.  To be “without excuse” before a just God requires first being able to understand that to which we are being held accountable.  If the Law were as obscure as some make the creation account out to be, mankind would be without guilt.  However, neither the Law nor the Creation story are obtuse, therefore I believe, what the Bible tells us of the beginnings, will not be at odds with what we are able to observe by science and the God given talents “hard wired” into us, when we were created, “in His likeness”.


        In the Beginning

        There is an excellent small "extra" on a DVD named “Dual Revelation”, produced by "Reasons to Believe" of PO Box 5978, Pasadena, CA 91117, U.S.A. and narrated by Hugh Ross, Ph.D;  David Rogstad, Ph.D; Jeff Zweerink, Ph.D; Erica Carlson, Ph.D and Fazale Rana, Ph.D.  This DVD is a graphic, scientific portrayal of Creation events up to Day Four and closely aligns to the early sequences described in the following theory.

        Genesis 1:1 states “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” – No time scale is given but it is obviously an event of time in the context of a past eternity, for eternity itself can have no beginning. Science pays homage to Stephen Hawking, who put forward the idea of a “big bang”, postulating a beginning for the Universe.  Yet that idea has been suggested by the first words in the Bible for about 5000 years. Genesis 1:1 is clearly an event for which no 'process' is defined, prior to the “six days of creation”, which are each described in greater detail, starting at verse 3.  This event is not a part of nor restricted by any time-frame that we may believe applies to the remainder of the record.  It is an happening concerned with an infinitely greater part of all that is.

        Genesis 1:2, Then zooms in on planet earth and goes on to describe a situation existing just before the local “six days of creation” begin. “Now the earth was [ Or became ] formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.”  Some have proposed that this describes a scene of devastation – perhaps a total destruction such as we know is possible today, even at our own hands, when the very sky is turned black with matter from massive nuclear explosions or volcanic activity.  By way of later confirmation of this line of reason, other Scripture suggests that God did not originally create the earth “without form and void”.  I think the King James version is more faithful to the original, in Isaiah 45:18 "For thus saith the YHVH that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth, and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, – [Heb. tohu] he formed it to be inhabited: "I am YHVH, and there is none else.""

        The King James version renders the Hebrew tohu (a ruin) “without form” and bohu (emptiness) “and void”. Jeremiah may have glimpsed a similar event when he wrote, in Jeremiah 4:23-25 “I looked at the earth, and it was [ tohu ] formless (a ruin) and [ bohu ] empty; and at the heavens, and their light was gone. 24 I looked at the mountains, and they were quaking; all the hills were swaying. 25 I looked, and there were no people; every bird in the sky had flown away.”  A pretty vivid description of the destruction of all humanoid life on this planet and of course implies that life similar to the present time existed prior to this great destruction.  It also allows us to undestand how ancient fossils can exist and how species suddenly vanished from the fossil record.  Admittedly, this is an era of our planet’s history we are not told much about, however, we have here in Jeremiah, possible Scriptural evidence suggesting the presence of a form of created life, including humanoid forms, on earth prior to Genesis 1:2*1

   However, whether, these these verses describe a past creation destroyed or just the preparation of a planet for this present creation, what follows is the same.

        Genesis 1:3 – Now as already mentioned, the following events were obviously not witnessed by a human so the knowledge can only exist as a result of a Divine revelation, an ‘action play back’ of events and viewed from earth-side.  I want to confirm the proposition (a), that by a process, similar to the manner in which Ezekiel had a series of visions during specific periods of time, Moses, or whoever made the first records of the creation saga, received the information as a series of six visions.  There are other examples, John on Patmos certainly witnessed more than a 24 hour day’s worth of action, “on the Lord’s Day”.

        Now this is important! The creative events revealed in each daily vision may have taken place individually over long or short periods of time and clearly some or most would have run concurrently at some stage, [see diagram], but for the purpose of a simple narrative (or poem) the whole must be described as a series of consecutive word pictures.  Obviously, a complex happening like the Creation can best be described as if it were a series of consecutive events, unless the narrative is to continually, and possibly confusingly, backtrack so that the reader can build up a three dimensional mental picture. Obviously a literary technique too complicated for such an event that was to be understood by ordinary people. 

        In the light of this, it is difficult to understand how so much learned effort has been employed trying to defend the idea that each “day” records a completely finished single stage in a string of complete consecutive creative acts, whether six actual 24 hour days or if an extended period is postulated.  As mentione earlier, strict 6 day creationists should consider whether each day's 'acts' occupied the entire 24 hours or variable periods during the 24 hours.  Above all else, this writing is an attempt to encourage sincere Bible believers to, at least temporarily suspend pre-conceived ideas and become a simple observer of the events recorded in early Genesis as they relate to what we know from our scientific observation of Creation.

        So now let us observe the six “pictures” of the furnishing or re-furnishing of our planet.  There are some surprisingly authenticating clues in support of our proposition, as we proceed along the way and please resist the temptation to 'read into' the text some preconceived ideas.

            Day One

        Genesis 1:3 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light.  Remember this is an 'earthside' view of events and this is the first act of reconstruction.  Our primeval world is wrapped in a dense water vapour cloud blanket and clothed in blackness caused by vast amounts of suspended solid matter of cosmic origin or from the previously proposed devastation.  [See the "Reason to Believe DVD mentioned earlier.].  Just as later, God caused the “waters above the earth” - the cloud blanket, to condense and rain in Noah’s day, so, ages earlier, the heavier dust cloud of darkening matter was eventually settled or was returned to the earth and “there was light”.  Henry Morris developed the idea that antediluvian Earth possessed a stable canopy of water vapour in the upper atmosphere that was precipitated in the flood and only then was the rainbow seen. 4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning-- the first day.

        God is a God of order and what He reveals is described in language common to the person recording and those being informed.  – “and God saw that the light was good”.  Notice only the light was “good”.  Darkness exists even without God – only light is the result of a creative act.  What the viewer saw was night and day occurring at alternate intervals as it does now and he recorded that this was so, crediting God with the power to create light or the source of that light.  What in fact had happened was, that with the removal of the atmospheric dust cloud, daylight (and warmth) again reached the ground as the earth revolved.  Remember, we are seeing all this from an earth-side perspective.

           Day Two

        Genesis 1:6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." It would appear that although the dust cloud obscuring the light had settled, the water vapour blanket was virtually of fog density, even at ground level.  (This condition appeared to exist as recorded in Genesis 2:6 but streams [ Or mist ] came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground)  This condition would raise the ambient temperature creating a “greenhouse effect”.  A further creative act was necessary to bring about a separation, an “expanse”, a space in which to establish a water cycle of evaporation and rain causing a moderating climate and where carbon based life forms might develop.  7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so.  8 God called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning-- the second day.

        There is still too much water as the whole earth’s surface was a sea and the whole sky an unbroken cloud mass.  Notice the absence of any comment as to whether God saw the work of Day Two as good or not. Perhaps this indicates that this stage was incomplete.  It bears out the thought that the comments on days 1,3,4&5 are a literary assumption or observation, a sort of Certificate of Completion and as day two is not yet complete but is only a stage, with further “work” to be revealed on day three. 
        Day Three

        Genesis 1:9 And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so. The existence of an original single vast continent has long been proposed by geologists (Gondwanaland) and is later confirmed in Scripture*2 10 God called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas." The Hebrew word “yam” translated “seas” is actually singular, “sea” a case of translators not just translating but interpreting according to their own theology.  And God saw that it was good.  Notice “it was good” – not all creation is yet declared “good” but rather specific acts of refurnishing this earth, as suggested earlier, a Statement of Completion as another stage of creation became functional. 

        Now we have achieved an environment where carbon based living matter can thrive, we have night and day, an oxygen and nitrogen atmosphere, a warm climate, nutrient rich earth and sufficient fresh moisture at ground level to support a vast “Garden” in which an intricate array of life forms could flourish and support one another both in practical and aesthetic manner.  We also have the sea in which myriads of specialised creatures may exist and as a part of their later purpose, to supplement the dietary needs of the higher land based beings.  However, it is not yet time for this “layer” of creation to be revealed.  Perhaps the various processes by which this environment was formed took place over long periods of time.

        Genesis 1:11 Then God said, "Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds." And it was so. 12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening, and there was morning-- the third day.

        The repeated statement “according to their kinds” is a direct challenge to the idea of cross species evolutionary development. Each species, however or whenever it came into existence, arrived as a distinct and complete creation.  But, according to traditional 24 hour Creationists, we have vegetation and fruit bearing trees but yet no Sun.  Of course, God could do it this way if He so chose - or would He?  Would this not also involve tinkering with the divine laws of nature and creation and cause confusion in the minds of those this revelation is supposed to be informing.  If, however, we “see the whole picture”, we know that the Sun does already exist but is unseen to human eye due to the “waters above the earth”, the cloud blanket.  Tomorrow we shall know what the sun actually looks like.

        Day Four

        Genesis 1:14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth." And it was so. Here, obviously, for the first time the heavenly bodies can be seen, so from an earth-side view this visual revelation appears to be from this side of the flood of Noah.  This we deduce from the recorded conditions and events that: Up until Noah's flood, a dense cloud blanket protected earth’s inhabitants from the cell damaging effects of solar radiation, resulting in longevity of close to 1000 years. [ Note: this is a confirming evidence not usually noticed. ]  After the greater part of the cloud blanket [the waters above the earth] was condensed into rain at the time of Noah’s flood, life-span shortened and a rainbow was seen for the first time.  The presence of a rainbow in the sky is a key clue to a major change in atmospheric conditions. [ Note: This is the second piece of confirming evidence usually ignored.16 God made two great lights-- the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, 18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening, and there was morning-- the fourth day. 

        There have been many efforts to explain the presence of day and night before the creation of the sun, however, if we can see the overview of what is being revealed here we have no problem.  From the viewer’s standpoint, the sun's form only became visible on the fourth day – it had in fact been there all the time but from the narrative point of view, could not be seen.  [Of course the sun was there, for we are told so in the very first verse, or would our 6 day creation friends have us believe that the “heavens and the earth” were made without our sun, (or other heavenly bodies) which was provided as a sort of after-thought on day four?]  Here we might again mention that the whole idea of night and day or a separation of light from darkness is only experienced from earth-side.  There is no regular separation of light and darkness in outer space unless the object we observe from rotates, as does the earth.  Some other near planets in our system do not rotate, so have continual night or day and extremes of temperature on opposite sides.  Rotation, "evening and morning" ensures even temperatures essential for life and an observable night and day.

        It is also worth mention that the words “separate light from darkness” in both verses 14 and 18 are a repeat of what had already been done on day one, [verse 4] so we see that this is indeed a verbal description of a visual experience by the writer, confirming what already existed and not a literal word by word account of six sequential events. Otherwise, light and darkness were separated several times. (?)  In practice, that “separation” takes place at roughly 12 hourly intervals and has done so since our earth first rotated and orbited our sun.

Evening and Morning

           Day Five

        Genesis 1:20 And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky." 21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them and said, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth." 23 And there was evening, and there was morning-- the fifth day.  Here we see a vast population of very diverse creatures all functioning as their Creator decreed - “after their kind”.  Hardly the result of a chemical or biological accident.

        There is also a subtle inference here that the creatures being referred to were already an existing design.  Remember what Jeremiah saw, 4: 25 “ . . .  and there were no people; [Hebrew adam- man] every bird in the sky had flown away.”  In the Jeremiah account, there are creatures mentioned in such a way that suggests the prior existence of beings of similar kind, e.g. “man”, “birds”. This may account for the great age of the fossile record and even humanoid forms existing before Adam and Eve.

        Day Six

        Vision six is the conclusion when all the higher, land based creatures are revealed.  Genesis 1:24 And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind." And it was so. 25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.  Here we have another clue to the literary style of this account.  The creatures are described according to the writer’s understanding of what these creatures had become in his time, perhaps 2000 years after Adam was created. The terms “livestock” and “wild animals” would hardly have been applicable in a world before the presence of human beings made these terms relevant.  Think about that!  In fact, as meat was not given as food until after the Flood, these nominal distinctions would have had little meaning until then.  The animal population of the Ark must have been docile and vegetarian.  Dinasaurs may well have belonged to those creatures existing before "the Gap", hence were not available to become a problem at the time of Noah's flood.  Also our proposition that the work of Day Six may have extended beyond the flood of Noah, accounts for the vast diversity of creatures that could have been created later, that may never have needed to become 'passengers' of Noah's 'life boat'.

        This was the final act of the preparation of a dwelling place for a new and unique creature – man in the image of God. It may well be, as just mentioned, that prior to the devastation witnessed in verse 2, humanoid beings [and as suggested above, dinosaurs, etc.] had dwelt on this planet and more remains may yet be found to stimulate unbelieving imaginations.  But, now we see the crowning purpose of all that has gone before when: 26 . . . God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, [ Hebrew; Syriac all the wild animals ] and over all the creatures that move along the ground." 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.  It sounds as though God is proposing a new specification, a new model of an already known creature form called “man”, a being whose humanoid form may have existed in the previous creation, but now, for the first time with an advanced specification, “in our likeness and image” - a being with spiritual capabilities, competent for communion and fellowship with the mighty Creator of the Universe.  Indeed, if we dare think even further, mankind was the intended means whereby God Himself would, in the fulness of time, join with His creation, begetting Himself a Son.   This was indeed, a special creation.

        Later, the Psalmist wrote with awe Psalm 8:3-9:3 “When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place,  4 what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him?  5 You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings [ Or than God ] and crowned him with glory and honour.  6 You made him ruler over the works of your hands; you put everything under his feet:  7 all flocks and herds, and the beasts of the field,  8 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, all that swim the paths of the seas.  9 O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth!”

         Total destruction and fossilisation of the previous creation was tolerable because there were no creatures of Adamic man’s “God-likeness”, but now a different remedy was required to deal with the consequences of Adamic man's rebellion against his Creator because as we learn in Genesis 9:6 "Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man."  The new Adamic man had a particular difference and special reverance in all Creation.  To destroy a creature who was in the "image of God" was a capital offence.

         This is the first creature of any creation with qualities worthy of or requiring, the extreme measures to which God is prepared to go for it's preservation, the ultimate extent expressed by John 3:16. "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, [ Or his only begotten Son ] that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” 

        So, did God have another long term plan that made this creation so important?  See "The Ultimate Intention".

This diagram is intended to illustrate the idea of concurrent creation.

The length of each bar does not necessarily signify the beginning or end of that segment, although Day 1 and 4 have historic starting points.

This chart illustrates how a sudden change of environment and diet took place after the Deluge, the same two factors that rate high, even today, as affecting longevity.


Important Notes:

        *1 Sin before the Fall.  Some claim counter to the above line of reasoning, that any suggestion that any part of Creation was not perfect prior to Adam’s sin, is incompatible to God’s repeated statements that “it was good” - The inference is that perfection meant immortality which is an error.  They say that it is inconceivable that there was suffering and death before the fall, but this is a supposition not based on Scripture. The “It was good” comment is only a literary observation or “Certificate of Completion” of the actual work revealed in that immediate context.  The Apostle John writes: “He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning.” 1 John 3:8.  Without going into detail, let us suggest that the rebellion of Satan, “in the beginning”, with a third of the angelic host being cast out of Heaven, must have caused some mayhem in the eternal realms as well as here on earth and this was certainly before the creation event we are studying.  It has already been suggested that the condition of the earth at this time was a scene of total destruction, [tohu v bohu], which may have been a result of such a cosmic altercation.  It seems clear that sin and destruction were present long before the fall of Adam (Satan’s lie to Eve was in defiance of God and was rebellion and sin even before Eve fell) and if we understand this it throws a new light on the purpose of this present creation and God’s plan of redemption. Paul speaks of the realm of reconciliation being in the heavens, on the earth and under the earth. Colossians 1:19 For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, [Jesus]  20 and through him [Jesus] to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.  Philippians 2:9 Therefore God exalted him [Jesus] to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.  It would seem that the scope of reconciliation needed to be far wider than just humanity. God’s words of satisfaction after various “acts of creation” clearly applied as recorded, to the specific acts to which they are appended.  They are the expressions, as understood by the writer [Moses?], of a satisfied workman having brought order out of chaos, a thing of beauty - indeed “beauty from ashes”.  A Divine stamp of approval.  We shall find, that the present creation is intended to bring forth a divine 'remedy' to an hostile situation and it is yet, under the hand of the Creator, in the process of doing so, although the "work" or means was "finished" at Calvary.

        *2  Noah and the Rainbow.  After the flood of Noah it is significant that it was only then that a rainbow was possible and seen for the first time and that average human life-span dramatically shortened from near 1000 years to 120 and soon 70 – 80.  [See chart of Ancient’s Ages, above].  This is a point missed by conventional wisdom.  Both these facts are consistent with the sun being visible and the absence of the once protective shield of water vapour.  Today we are having further loss of protection as our industrial pollutants break up the Ozone Layer and we are suffering increasing prevalence of life shortening skin cancers..
        *3 Peleg lived about or after the building of the Tower of Babel when God confused the tongues of the people, who were at that time all of one nation and one language, so that they split up and moved apart.  Here is the Biblical account: Genesis 11:1 Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. 2 As men moved eastward, [ Or from the east; or in the east ] they found a plain in Shinar [ That is, Babylonia ] and settled there. 3 They said to each other, "Come, let's make bricks and bake them thoroughly." They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. 4 Then they said, "Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth." 5 But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower that the men were building. 6 The LORD said, "If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. 7 Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other." 8 So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. 9 That is why it was called Babel [ That is, Babylon; Babel sounds like the Hebrew for confused. ]-- because there the LORD confused the language of the whole world. From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth. – “the whole earth” – a single land mass.  It seemed also about this time that the single continent or “the land” was divided.  This would account for different separated people groups who eventually moved into different climate zones where environment, food and a restricted gene pool began to create and emphasise racial differences.  If the disturbance was violent, many of the groups would be so geographically separated and divided by dangerous seas that there could be no intermixing for a long time, ensuring the establishment of distinctive racial characteristics.

        Genesis 10:25 “Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg, [Peleg means division.] because in his time the earth was divided; . . .”  Some have suggested the “division” referred to was the separating of the language groups but the word in the original is stronger than that, implying a cleaving as in cutting a canal.  It is elsewhere in the KJV translated “river” 9 times and “stream” once.  We hear much these days of continental drift and although what we measure today is minute, there is nothing to say the original single continent was so structured as to rapidly divide under the right influence.  A gravitational disturbance from a number of possible temporal or celestial events could trigger a change of balance in the earth’s crust.  And, remember, there was a great deal more water trying to find equilibrium beneath the earth’s surface than before Noah’s flood.  Parts of the land mass may well have been afloat and rapidly moved away from their original geographical position.

For an interesting illustration, go to:


To see a moving diagram of the breakup.

 Comment, please write to: "Observations"

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VKR 2009