The following focuses on plant habitats, and in particular how they affect orchid culture in this country. One facet of natural habitats for most of the orchids grown in this country is significantly different from the conditions naturally experienced here, and this will be highlighted, together with other significant aspects.

HABITAT 2. THE FOOTHILL 
MONSOON FOREST HABITAT

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If one can categorise the typical climate features for this habitat, temperatures usually range from 10-25oC, with a typical maximum range of 5-32oC. The diurnal temperature variation is slightly higher than Habitat 1, being 20oC. The maximum temperature differential throughout the habitat is 27oC. Humidity typically lies between 60-90%.

Essential cultural basics for plants from this habitat revolve around allowing for the pronounced seasonal variation many are used to in their natural homes. Many have distinct seasonal growth pattern, with new growths broken in the spring, followed by a period of rapid growth, with maturity in the early autumn, and then relative dormancy during the winter months. Flowering and successful continuing culture requires that this growth cycle be allowed to progress naturally.

A feature of the habitat is the bright dry winters and warm wet dull summers coinciding with the summer monsoonal conditions. For some plants the bright light during winters seems important for the proper maturing of the previous seasons pseudobulbs. The need for good air circulation all year is also an important component of their culture .

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Site established 9th May 1998