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 WELCOME to the series on the main cymbidium species.


These pages should be read in association with the cymbidium culture series and the habitat series, as this information will assist in the culture of these popular and spectacular easily cultivated plants.


Links to basic cymbidium culture is listed below for your information.

SPECIES LIST WITH SYNONYMS

1. CYMBIDIUM SUB GENUS CYMBIDIUM

1.a Cymbidium

1. a. I Cym aloifolium (L) Swartz

Synonyms
Epidendrum aloifolium
Epidendrum aloides
Cym pendulum
Aerides borasii
Cym erectum
Cym simulans
Cym intermedium

l. a. II Cymbidium bicolor Lindley

Cym bicolor subsp. obtusum

Synonyms include
Cym crassifolium
Cym mannii
Cym pendulum
Cym flaccidum

Cym bicolor subsp, pubescens

Synonyms
Cym aloifolium
Cym pubescens
Cym aloifolium var. pubescens
Cym pubescens var. celebicum
Cym celebicum

l. a, III Cym rectum Ridley


l. a. IV Cym finlaysonianum Lindley

Synonyms
Cym pendulum
Cym wallichii
Cym tricolor
Cym, pendulum var. brevilabre

l. a. V Cym atropurpureum (Lindley) Rolfe

>Synonyms
Cym pendulum var. atropurpureum
Cym pendulum var. purpureum
Cym finlaysonianum var. atropurpureum
Cym atropurpureum var. olivaceum

l. b Section Borneense

l. b. I Cym borneense J. J. Wood

I c. Cym Section Himantophyllum

1 c 1 Cym dayanum Reichb. f.

Synonyms
Cym leachianum
Cym pulcherrinum
Cym eburneum var, dayana
Cym simonsianum
Cym acutum
Cym alborubens
Cym simonsianum f. vernale
Cym angustifolium
Cym sutepense
Cym poilanei
Cym dayanum var. austro-japoniacm
Cym eburneum var. austro-japonicum

>l. d Section Austrocymbidium

l. d. I Cym canaliculatum R, Br.

Synonyms
Cym hillii
Cym sparkesii
Cym canaliculatum var. sparkesii
Cym canaliculatum var. canaliculatum f. aureolum
Cym canaliculatum var. marginatum
Cym canaliculatum var. marginatum f. fuscum
Cym canaliculatum var. marginatum f. purpurescens
Cym canaliculatum var. barrettii

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I d II Cym hartinahianum Comber and Nasution


l. d. III Cym chloranthum Lindley

Synonym
Cym variciferum
Cym sanguincolentum
Cym sanguineum
Cym pulchellum

l. d. IV Cym madidum Lindley

Synonym
Cym iridifolium
Cym, albuciflorum
Cym leai
Cym queeneanum
Cym leroyi
Cym, madidum var. leroyi

l. d. V Cym suave R. Brown

Synonym
Cym gomphocarpum

l. d. VI Cym elongatum J. J. Wood

I. e. Section Floribundum

I. e. I Cym floribundum Lindley

Synonyms
Cym pumilum
Cym illiberale
Cym pumilum f. virescens
Cym floribundum var. pumilum

I. e. II Cym sauvissimum Sander ex. Curtis.

l. f Section Bigibbarium

l. f. I Cym devonianum Paxton

Synonym
Cym sikkimense


2. SUB GENUS CYPERORCHIS

2. a Section Iridorchis

2. a. I Cym tracyanum L. Castle

2. a. II Cym iridoides D. Don

Synonyms
Cym giganteum
Cyperorchis gigantea
Iridorchis gigantea

2. a. Ill Cym erythraeum Lindley

Synonyms
Cym longifolium sensu
Cym hennisanum
Cyperorchis longifolia
Cyperorchis hennisiana

2. a. IV Cym hookerianum Reichb. f.

Synonym
Cym grandiflorum
Cym gigantea
Cym grandiflorum var. hookerianum
Cyperorchis grandiflora
Cym hookerianum var. hookerianum

2. a. V Cym wilsonii (Role ex cook) Rolfe

Synonyms
Cym giganteum
Cyperorchis wilsonii

2. a. VI Cym lowianum (Reichb. f. )Reichb. f.

Synonyms
Cym giganteum var. lowianum
Cym lowianum var. concolor
Cym lowianum var. superbissimum
Cym lowianum var. flaveolum
Cym . lowianum var viride
Cym Cyperorchis lowiana
Cym hookerianum var. lowianum

Varieties:

var. lowianum
var. iansonii

2. a. VII Cym schroederi Rolfe

Synonym
Cyperorchis schroederi

2. a. VIII Cym insigne

Synonym
Cym sanderi
Cym insigne var. sanderi
Cym insigne var. album

2. a. VIII Cym sanderae Rolfe (Cribb and Du Puy)

Synonym
Cym parishii var. sanderae

2. b SECTION EBURNEA

2. b. I Cym eburneum Lindley

Synonyms
Cym syrigodorum
Cym eburneum var. dayi
Cym eburneum var. williamsianum
Cym eburneum var. philbrickianum
Cyperorchis eburnea

2. b. II Cym parishii Reichb. f.

Synonym
Cym eburneum var. parishii
Cyperorchis parishii

2. b. III Cym roseum J. J, Smith

Synonym
Cyperorchis rosea

2. b IV Cym mastersii Griffith ex. Lindley

Synonym
Cym affine
Cym micromeson
Cym mastersii
Cyperorchis mastersii

2. c SECTION ANNAMAEA

2. C I Cym erythrostylum Rolfe

Synonyms
Cyperorchis erythrostyla
Cym erythrostylum var. magnificum

2. d SECTION CYPERORCHIS

2. d. l Cym elegans Lindley

Synonyms
Cym longifolium
Cyperorchis elegans
Cym densiflorum
Grammatophyllum elegans
Cym elegans var. obcordatum
Cym elegans var. luteacens
Arethusantha bletiodes
Cyperorchis elegans var. blumei

2. d. II Cym cochleare Lindley

Synonyms
Cyperorchis cochlearis
Cyperorchis babae
Cymbidium babae
Cym kanran var. babae

2. b. III Cym whiteae King and Pantling

Synonym
Cyperorchis whiteae

2. d. IV Cym sigmoideum J. J. Smith

Synonym
Cyperorchis sigmoidea

2. e SECTION PARISHIELLA

2. e. I Cym tigrinum Parish ex. Hook.

Synonym
Cyperorchis tigrina


3. SUB GENUS JENSOA

3. a Section Jensoa

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3. a. I Cym ensifolium (1) Sw

Synonyms
Epidendrum ensifolium
Limodorum ensatum
Epidendrum sinense
Cym xiphiifolium
Cym ensifolium var. striatum
Cym ensifolium striatum
Jensoa ensata
Cym ecristatum
Cym micans
Cym albo-marginatum
Cym gyokuchin
Cym gyokuchin var. soshin
Cym koran
Cym niveo-marginatum
Cym skimaran
Cym yakibaran
Cym arrogans
Cym misericors
Cym rubrigemmum
Cym ensifolium var. misericors
Cym gyokuchin var. arrogans
Cym kenran var. misericors
Cym ensifolium var. rubrigemmum
Cym ensifolium var. yakibaran
Cym ensifolium var. susin

subspecies of Cym ensifolium.

a. Subspecies ensifolium
b Subspecies haematodes

Synonyms
Cym ensifolium var. haematodes
Cym sundaicum var. estriata
Cym munronianum sensu
Cym siamense

3. a. II Cym munronianum King and Pantling

3. a. Ill Cym sinense (Jackson)Wild

Synonyms
Epidendrum sinense
Cym fragrans
Cym chinense
Cym hoosai
Cym albo-jucundissimum
Cym sinense var. margicoloratum
Cym sinense var. albo-juncundissimum
Cym sinense var. munronianum
Cym sinense var. bellum

3. a. Ill Cym kanran Makino

Synonyms
Cym kanran var. latifolium
Cym oreophyllum
Cym misericors var. oreophyllum
Cym linearespalum
Cym tosyaense
Cym sinokanran
Cym omiense
Cym tentyozanense
Cym faberi var. omiense
Cym quibiense
Cym purpureo-hiemale

3. b. SECTION MAXILLARIANTHE

3. b. I Cym cyperifolium Schltr

Synonyms
Cym viridiflorum
Cym carnosum
Cyperorchis wallichii
Cym aliciae
subspecies cyperifolium
subspecies indochinense

3. b. II Cym faberi Rolfe

Synonyms
Cym scabroserrulatum
Cym oiwakensis
Cym cerinum
Cym fukiense

1. var. faberi
2. var. szechuanicum

Synonyms
Cym szechuanicum

.2. b. II Cym goeringii (Rchb. f. )Rchb. f.

Synonyms
Maxillaria goeringii
Cym virens
Cym mackinnone
Cym formosanum
Cym forrestii
Cym yunnanense
Cym pseudovirens
Cym tentyozanense
Cym uniflorum
Cym chuen-lan
Cym tentyozanense

1. var. goeringii
2. Var. serratum

Synonyms
Cym serratum
Cym graxillimum
Cym goeringii var. angustatum
Cym formosanum

3. var. tortisepalum

Synonyms
Cym tortisepalum
Cym longibracteatum
Cym tsukengensis
Cym tortisepalum var. viridiflorum
Cym goeringii var. longibracteatum

3 c . SECTION GEOCYMBIDIUM

3. C. I Cym lancifolium Hook

Synonyms
Cym cuspidatum
Cym javanicum
Cym gibsonii
Cym papuanum
Cym caulescens
Cym kerrii
Cym nagifolium
Cym aspidistrifolium
Cym syunitianum
Cym javanicum var. aspidistrifolium
Cym maclehoseae
Cym lancifolium var. aspidistrifolium
Cym lancifolium var. syunitianum
Cym robustum
Cym bambusifolium

3. d. SECTION PACHYRHIZANTHE

3. d. I Cym macrorhizon Lindley

Synonyms
Bletia nipponica
Cym nipponicum
Cym pedicellatum
Yoania aberrans
Aphyllorchis aberrans
Cym aberrnas
Cym aphyllum
Pachyrhizanthe aphyllum
Pachyrhizanthe macrorhizon
Pachyrhizanthe sagarnicnse
Cym szechuanensis

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Specific culture is covered on the following pages, but on more general terms based on the four seasons. . These pages can be usefully referred to for specific culture recommendations of other orchid genera, read in conjunction with these pages which details the monthly calendar of operations which has general application.

 

 For easy navigation of following general cultural pages,
click on CULTURE SERIES link
in left index window

CULTURE PAGES -
BY MONTH (SEASON)

NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN  HEMISPHERE MONTHS
Click on season links to access respective pages
PAGES WITH ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:-

Introduction
Cymbidium history
Cymbidium habitats and growth patterns
Flower spike or growth
Repotting
Spike management
Plant labels
Hybridising

MONTHS
SOUTHERN
HEMISPHERE

(As shown in charts)

MONTH
NORTHERN
HEMISPHERE
EQUIVALENT

SEASON

JANUARY JUNE MID SUMMER
FEBRUARY JULY LATE SUMMER
MARCH AUGUST EARLY AUTUMN (FALL)
APRIL SEPTEMBER MID AUTUMN
MAY OCTOBER LATE AUTUMN
JUNE NOVEMBER EARLY WINTER
JULY DECEMBER MID WINTER
AUGUST JANUARY LATE WINTER
SEPTEMBER FEBRUARY EARLY SPRING
OCTOBER MARCH SPRING
NOVEMBER APRIL LATE SPRING
DECEMBER MAY EARLY SUMMER


It is important that you LOOK AT YOUR PLANTS as some culture is based on their stages of growth.

PLEASE NOTE:   Different plants, and even each season, can vary slightly, and reading the recommendations for last and the following month will alert you to the culture required, and you can adjust your programme to the plants and the conditions being currently experienced. An understanding of GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT and of the main PLANT HABITATS will also provide additional background information to assist in understanding plants requirements. Plant habitats discussed are:-

HABITAT START PAGE - site layout, basic information;
ORCHID HABITATS Part 1 INTRODUCTION
ORCHID HABITATS Part 2; Habitat 1 TROPICAL LOWLANDS
ORCHID HABITATS Part 3 Habitat 2 MONSOONAL FORESTS
ORCHID HABITATS Part 4 Habitat 3 ARID RAIN SHADOW INLAND
ORCHID HABITATS Part 5 Habitat 4; HIGH ALTITUDE TROPICAL AND HIGH LATITUDE
ORCHID HABITATS Part 6 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
ORCHID HABITATS Appendix Paphiopedilum and cymbidium species habitat information

If you do experience difficulties, do not be afraid to seek assistance. Orchid growers generally are very free with advice, and will assist inexperienced growers willingly. Making contact with a local orchid society will provide ready assistance; you don't have to be a member but you will find the fellowship of people with similar interests satisfying. Many societies are now on the web, and the CONTACTS link will provide the first steps to find a local organisation. Most societies hold annual shows, and attendance at one of these events will show what is being grown locally, and the opportunity to discuss local growing requirements

If a local society is not available, or you do not wish to join such an organisation, NEWSGROUPS such as "rec.gardens.orchids" and Orchid Digest Online will provide access to a wide range of knowledgeable people, and well as 'newbees'. In such groups you can find solutions to a wide range of problems and even if you do not join in on discussions, viewing the various threads can provide a wide range of useful information.

Site Author Details of site author, if you are interested.

The culture of cymbidiums
is not difficult provided their basic needs are provided.

The following points are worth emphasising, however:

1. Do not pamper the plants too much. They are quite tough. Give PLENTY OF WIND AND AIR during the summer to ensure flowers are initiated. If kept sheltered in a hot enclosed porch or glasshouse during the summer, flowers probably will not be produced, this being a common cause of non-flowering.

2.
Do not keep too shaded. The plant foliage should be a light yellow green. If deep green, give more light. During the summer light dappled mid-day sun is desirable, as, for example, provided by the outer branches of a tree. Morning and evening full sun does no harm. During the rest of the year little shading should be required, especially in the autumn, other than necessary for controlling flower colour.

3. Cymbidiums are
gross feeders—maintain a programme of plant FERTILISATION. Under heavy fertilising regimes, closer attention to watering is required to avoid problems with salt buildup and dangerous concentrations developing if the mix is allowed to dry.

4. Properly
WATER the plants. This will vary during the year, although will soon be mastered. Any lapses in this regard can retard plant growth, and possibly future flower production.

5. Remember, cymbidiums naturally come from habitats subject to the summer monsoons They require COOL, WET, SHADED, SUMMERS and COOL, DRY, BRIGHT, WINTERS. As these conditions are different from what temperatue countires such as NZ naturally recieve, thei particular requirements of the plants need to be provided under our culture.

6. Good luck with your plants—show everyone how successful you have been, and enjoy these magnificent flowers.



OTHER PAGES

Some details of the site author - if you are interested!!
Australasian web sites - a directory of sites I have found useful

I hope that you find the information in this site useful

 

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