EPIDENDRUM AND ENCYCLIA
Specific additional cultural information
For basic cultural information, refer to the Cattleya Culture page. Seasonal cultural information is also included with that data. The following page details specific cultural pointers for the genus ENCYCLIA and EPIDENDRUM, and should be read with the basic information presented elsewhere.
For a discussion of the general cultural requirements for encyclias, refer to the discussion on cattleyas. Those notes indicate the seasonal culture applicable to these plants. The following is intended to supplement those general notes with specific requirements for encyclia. The plants naturally occur in the Lowland Forest and Monsoonal Foothill Mountain habitats, and the general discussions on these habitats can be usefully referred to.
In the main these plants show a relatively marked growth cycle. While in active growth during the spring and summer, they require plenty of water, and they must be kept in a warm position. Good humidity levels must be maintained at th is time for optimum growth. They require medium shade.
Those species with hard pseudobulbs grow in typical cattleya conditions. Once the seasons growth is completed, in the autumn or winter, dryer conditions can be provided. The softer stemmed varieties should not be dried off, however, to the same severity. With the plants more or less dormant over the winter, temperatures down to 10 degrees celsius can be provided, provided the plants are kept dry.
Plants of epidendrum range from the very small to large, and may be erect or creeping.They are a comparatively large aggregation of species, and while general recommendations can be made, some care needs to be exercised. Plants are both pseudobulbed and with reed type stems. The natural habitats can be usefully referred to - Lowland Forest and Monsoonal Foothill Mountain habitats.
The small creeping species grow best in small shallow pans or can be mounted on tree fern or cork slabs. The pseudobulbed species should be grown in well drained pots, and they must be able to dry out when the pseudobulbs mature. The reed stem species can be grown in pots.
All require medium light levels, high humidity, and some warmth, although this can be seasonally adjusted - most during the warm summer growth phase, and least during the winter months. The reed stemmed varieties must be kept moist all the year, but the pseudobulbed forms need to be grown dryer and cooler during the winter - after the pseudobulbs have matured and up to the point where the new growths are broken in the spring.
Ideally intermediate temperatures would be maintained during the winter, although the pseudobulbed varieties can be grown cooler while they are dormant provided they are kept dryer. . .
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