designs are usually based on a square. The squares are cut from either
linen or tapestry and the designs are worked in red or white, and black
wools using a cross stitch.
the designs are planned from the centre and the patterns developed, usually
with some repetition until the shape required is completely filled. A combination
of square, oblong and diamond shapes are linked together and made interesting
by varying the colour of the threads with the white thread forming the
Piupiu are the flax skirts
worn by kapa haka groups. Women have long piupiu, men have short
piupiu. They are made out of harakeke (flax). The flax has
to be cleaned and combed and dried. If you want to dye it black you
can put the flax in a hole in the ground and wait a few months, then pull
it out. Piupiu were worn by the Maori people in the old days.
You can make tipares
out of harakeke. You wear them around your head and they are made
by plaiting the flax.