is proposed, of the basic mechanisms of physical universe and
of the nature of matter, that is compatible with such phenomena as
action at a distance. It is proposed that material existence in
space is conditioned and indeed dependent upon the existence of energy
patterns necessary for matter to manifest and that interactions occur
between the material manifestations but between the primary energy
Action at a
seem eminently possible if not probable, providing we integrate our
physical picture of the universe with a concept of energies originating
from a non-physical-universe source. As foreign as this may be to
may need to start considering the possibility of a "spiritual
or "consciousness ingredient" in all things physical.
have long held all material things to be filled with or interpenetrated
by a life force (Ki, Prana). It would seem to me that our
denial of those things we are not able to measure is severely limiting
our understanding and our ability to conceptualise existence in the
world. To be sure, there is a timid opening of western science to
concepts, witness books by Fritjof Capra and others, but by and large,
anything that is not immediately accessible to measurement is still not
Shiuji Inomata has
to integrate the current scientific paradigm with a "consciousness"
He outlines the necessary shift of paradigm in a paper entitled
of Consciousness and new scientific world view - we are in the midst of
the second Copernican revolution"(1). Inomata proposes a triangular
relationship between matter, energy and a consciousness parameter
In line with the
Inomata and others, I would like to propose here a concept by which
action at a distance could be explained and I am asking the reader to
me if I am requiring you to stretch your imagination into an area that
would seem to lay outside the province of physics. Some may even
the ideas put forth in this paper to be a bit "unsettling" to their
of universe, based on the conventional scientific view.
Our physical world
to be three-dimensional, with reference to the basic three degrees of
of movement we find to exist in a right-angle-co-ordinated cube-based
reference system as first proposed by Descartes (up-down, left-right
forward-backward, to express this in simple terms).
Although I assent
the word three-dimensional to indicate physical space, I have shown(2)
that one could with profit describe physical space in a
tetrahedron-based spatial reference system just by changing from 90
co-ordination to 60 degree co-ordination. The advantage of such a
would be an immediate orientability in physical space having to
only four vectors, instead of six vectors (as above) of the Cartesian
although in general use, is thus not an indication of any real physical
properties inherent in space. It is merely a conventional way of
at and describing space, based in Euclidean geometry. In fact, Euclid
a progression from point (dimensionless) to line (one-dimensional) to
(two-dimensional) and finally to space (three-dimensional). I propose
this system of geometry does not have any real physical significance
is merely an abstract way of conceptualising physical space.
We may however use Euclid's
concept of the (two-dimensional) plane and it's relation to
space as an analogy useful to the understanding of what follows here.
As inhabitants of physical ("three-dimensional") space we would have an
inherent advantage over a hypothetical inhabitant of a two-dimensional
universe contained within our universe. We would in fact be able to
from our vantage point, any point of the plane and thus would be able
accede to any point of that universe without having to "travel it's
like the inhabitant of the two-dimensional universe. This, to our
friend, would be somewhat of a miracle, he would call it "instantaneous
action at a distance" on our part.
In this same way,
imagine a "four-dimensional" entity to exist, which contains within
our "three-dimensional" universe and which has a similar advantage of
able to accede to and act at any point in our space, without having to
traverse our space in the way we need to traverse space to arrive at
destination. I believe that one could call that "four-dimensional"
In an unusually
manner, Gian Piero Godone(3) has proposed his "Fourth Principle of
adding to our concepts of motion and dynamics codified in the days of
The principle was first presented in Fivizzano, Italy in October 1994
"Motion of bodies
space is directly mediated, in a sequential fashion, by all those
basic elements which permit the very existence of the bodies in the
Godone has re-stated
the principle in a more articulated way. The following is the latest
1998) version of Godone's Fourth Principle of Dynamics:
all bodies is due directly to the natural motion of their basic
which by their specific sequential behaviour ensure the stable
of the bodies; such sequentiality being the consequence of constant
with ever new basic elements arriving in an orderly fashion from space
and subsequently returning to it."
We are accustomed
matter as fundamentally different from space and from what might fill
To some of us, space is empty, except for the matter it contains. Thus,
to an observer within this universe it may appear that motion of
bodies is a moving of such bodies from one location to another, through
basically empty space.
But if we reason
and I tend to agree with him on this count, there is really no such
as motion in the way we imagine it, there is only an appearance of
Each material body consists primarily of a stable energy pattern, which
is the cause of the manifestation we call matter. When in motion,
manifestation of the body is being successively re-constructed out of
"basic particles" each time it changes position.
this apparent motion would be our familiar TV. We see pictures in
but what really happens is that an electron beam lights up successive
of phosphorescent material on the inside of a glass screen, giving us
idea of a picture. By successively lighting up different sets of
that picture on the screen seems to come to life, it seems to move.
with his principle of dynamics, a very similar mechanism is at work in
our physical world. Particles are actually created and constantly
by an energetic pattern which is maintained and sometimes animated by
I would call "life force".
Space is not empty.
is a plenum. Matter is a special state of the plenum of space. It has
been proposed by Paul E. Rowe in an interesting series of articles
in 'Infinite Energy' magazine(4), that space is filled by kind of a
condensate of hydrogen, that is, by a close-packed matrix, a "soup" of
electrons and protons.
Rowe bases this
on the fact that hydrogen can be created from space under certain
conditions, as described in his papers. "Rowe's soup", which in
fills all space, supplies the "basic particles" that according to
are necessary for matter to exist and to move.
We are using
in our daily lives without having a firm understanding of what this
actually is. To be sure, we have a working knowledge of how electricity
behaves, we can engineer applications of it, but ask anyone to explain
the basic principles behind electricity or magnetism - if you dig far
for a basic explanation, you will get an embarrassed silence.
Thomas E. Bearden
in a recent article,(5) that there is a great disparity between the
that flows from a dipole and that actually captured and put to use in
electric or electronic apparatus. The energy flow from a battery or a
is much larger; something on the order of 10^13 times the amount of
used energy. According to Bearden, there are some basic flaws in our
of explaining and utilising electrodynamics. One might agree with
or not, but to be sure, there are fundamental shortcomings in our
understanding of energetic processes that are at the basis of what is
called "free energy".
fields are another case in point. They are highly penetrative
which have been demonstrated to "propagate" at superluminal velocities.
Our knowledge of these fields is based largely on research done in
by A. Akimov and G. Shipov. A recent summary of relevant research has
published by Donald Reed(7). We are still grappling to find a mechanism
that allows such speeds in physical space and are theorising
and "time reversal".
There may however
much simpler explanation for these phenomena, if we can take the step
open our mind's eye to the possibility that the universe does not only
consist of matter and energy located in and operating through space,
that at least part of that energy is resident in and operating out of
I described as hyper space.
I propose that all
is created and continuously re-created by what I would call "life
This force provides patterns of energy which "materialise" parts of the
medium that fills space, coagulating it into what we perceive to be
There is a vast
complexity of these particles from hydrogen to the heavy elements.
is as well a vast range of extension, from single particles to
and stellar masses. And there is another distinction, between what we
"dead" matter and what we call "animated" or "full-of-life" matter,
as plants, animals and human bodies.
are only quantitative, not qualitative. It is the same life force or
energy in different quantities and different degrees of mobility and
consciousness that is responsible for the various manifestations of
gravitational interactions between matter are mediated by energy.
of energy associated with matter are postulated as being provided by
force. Consequently, the interactions would appear to be between the
patterns, rather than between the particles of the bodies themselves.
Life force is not
of our three-dimensional space but, residing as it were in hyperspace
is, as discussed above, one step above the dimensionaltiy of space. It
is not bound to travel "through space" and thus is capable of
it's effects in distant and diverse locations at the same instant.
interactions that are energy-pattern interactions are not limited by
We thus have not
possibility of "instantaneous action at a distance" but also of
disappearing in one spot and reappearing in another, which agrees with
recent experimental evidence. From here it is a simple step to extend
concept and include phenomena such as telepathy, telekinesis and
which so far have been relegated to the margins of science. These will,
one day in the not too distant future, become normal occurrences quite
within the province of scientific investigation.
of Consciousness and New Scientific World-View" Journal of New Energy,
Vol. 2, no. 2
Space Co-ordinates" Proceedings of the International Conference 'New
in Natural Sciences' St. Petersburg, June 1996 and
communication to the author.
See also Godone's
Paul E. Rowe,
from Vacuum", "A brief History of the Ether", and "Time, Mass and
talks delivered at a meeting of the NPA (Natural Philosophy Alliance),
printed in Infinite Energy, Vol.3, No.17, pp 80-85.
T. E. Bearden
Yam, Exploiting Zero-Point Energy" in Explore! Vol. 8, Number 5, 1998
A. Akimov, G.
Fields and Their Experimental Manifestations." Proceedings of the
Conference 'New ideas in Natural Sciences' St. Petersburg, June 1996
for SpaceTime and Corroborating Evidence from Torsion Field Research"
Energy News Vol.6, Number 1, May 1998.