Taranaki Region

Airedale Reef buried forest. Map: Q19; Classification: A3. Significance: In situ roots and trunks of buried forest.

 Alpha-1 Oil Well, Motoroa field. Map: P19; Classification: A3. Significance: The earliest well in NZ, and one of the earliest in the world (after Drakes well in 1859) specifically dug for hydrocarbon exploration. The first well in the British Empire to show oil.

 Arawhata hot springs. Map: P20; Classification: C2. Significance:

 Beehives cumulodomes. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Two perfectly preserved cumulodomes on south flank of Fanthams Peak.

 Boars Head Gold Mine, Kaitake Range. Map: P19; Classification: C3. Significance: A good example of a historic gold mine in Taranaki.

 Cardiff Walkway tephra section. Map: Q20; Classification: B2. Significance: Contains the most complete and continuous record of post-c.24000 years BP eruptive activity from Egmont Volcano so far recorded (c.14 km from present-day summit).

 Dawson Falls. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Important tourist attraction beside Dawsons Falls information centre, one of the main access routes into Mt Egmont National Park.

 Dray Track lava flow. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Lava flow with most prominent lava levees on Egmont.

 Fanthams Peak parasitic cone. Map: P20; Classification: A3. Significance: Well preserved parasitic cone of Egmont.

 German Hill cumulodome. Map: P19; Classification: C3. Significance: Well preserved large cumulodome.

 Hooker shelter volcanic section. Map: P20; Classification: B3. Significance: Provides an excellent record of volcanic events within Egmont National Park.

 Humphries Castle volcanic pedestal. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Prominent geomorphological pedestal.

 Inaha Beach Quaternary sequence. Map: Q21; Classification: B3. Significance: Inaha marine terrace type section with record of lahar events and vegetation history derived by palynology. Best record of early Egmont debris avalanches, lahars and interbedded microfloras within lignites overlying marine bench.

 Inglewood Fault. Map: P19; Classification: C3. Significance: Recent trace and trench exposure of the Inglewood Fault. Offsets c.3500 yr BP Manganui Tephra c.1-2 m (N side up). 1385 year debris flow has not been displaced. Displacement is in normal sense.

 Inglewood Marae tephra section. Map: Q19; Classification: B1. Significance: Contains a comprehensive record of post-c.28000 BP eruptive activity from Egmont Volcano (19.5 km from present-day summit).

 Kahui debris flows. Map: P20; Classification: C1. Significance: Record of volcanic events.

 Kapuni-1 oil exploration well. Map: Q20; Classification: B2. Significance: The first deep, successful oil well in New Zealand.

 Katikara Formation aeolian tephra sections. Map: P20; Classification: B2. Significance: Evidence for widespread aeolian tephra redeposition in Taranaki during the last Glacial.

 Kohi Gorge petroglyphs, Waverley. Map: Q21; Classification: C2. Significance: Important prehistoric rock art site.

 Kokowai Springs. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Major source of iron ochre for local Maori tribes.

 Lake Rotokare landslide-dammed lake. Map: Q20; Classification: C3. Significance: A lake formed by the damming of a major stream channel as a result of a major landslide near present outflow at the southwest end of the lake - the landslide is not well defined.

 Maero debris flows. Map: P20; Classification: B3. Significance: The youngest pyroclastic flow deposits erupted from Egmont.

 Manganui earth slump. Map: Q19; Classification: C3. Significance: A classic rotational landslide.

 Manganui Gorge block and ash flow bluffs. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Most easily accessible and one of best examples of a block and ash flow on Mt Taranaki.

 Minarapa lava flow. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Largest of the young valley lava flows from Egmont crater.

 Mohakatino sandspit & swamp. Map: Q18; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the least modified sandspits in North Taranaki. It is unusually squat in shape.

 Mohakatino sea stacks, arches and caves. Map: Q18; Classification: B3. Significance: The best example of coastal stacks, arches and sea caves on the North Island west coast.

 Moumahaki Fault. Map: R22; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary displacement along the Moumahaki Fault. Maximum scarp heights of 20 m (NW side up). Locality shows 'steep scarplet crossing interfluves at the foot of a larger feature' (Fleming, 1953). Slip rates of 0.2 mmy and normal sense of displacement inferred.

 Mt Damper exfoliations. Map: R19; Classification: C2. Significance: Easily accessible example of exfoliating rock.

 Mt Messenger Miocene sedimentary structures. Map: Q18; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent exposure of Mt Messenger Formation sediments and intraformational faulting.

 Mt TaranakiEgmont stratovolcano. Map: P20; Classification: A3. Significance: Largest andesitic stratovolcano in New Zealand.

 North Taranaki uplifted marine terraces. Map: Q18; Classification: B3. Significance: Excellent example of preserved uplifted Pleistocene terrace remnants and dissected seacliffs. Critical role in correlation between Auckland and South Taranaki terraces. Section south of Rapanui Stream mouth forms part of Tongaporutuan Stage holostratotype.

 NT2-terrace coverbeds. Map: Q19; Classification: A2. Significance: Site contains an important post-last Interglacial record of paleoclimate and distal eruptive activity from Egmont Volcano (42 km from present-day summit).

 Oakura Beach debris avalanche deposit. Map: P19; Classification: B2. Significance: Easily accessible, and one of the best exposed and exceptional examples of a terrestrial debris avalanche deposit. Evidence of an enormous catastrophic collapse of Mt Taranaki's predecessor.

 Oaonui dune fields. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: A large area of relatively unmodified coastal sand dunes.

 Ohawe Beach Quaternary terraces. Map: Q21; Classification: B3. Significance: Section of Ngarino Penultimate Interglacial marine terrace and cover beds with detailed pollen record on lignesian beds and record of major lahar event and last interglacial pollen sequence.

 Okawa debris avalanche mound field. Map: Q19; Classification: B2. Significance: Debris avalanche deposit associated with   sector collapse of Egmont Volcano.

 Onaero coastal features. Map: Q19; Classification: C3. Significance: Serrated pattern of cliff erosion - unusual along the North Taranaki coast. One of the least modified estuaries on the north-facing Taranaki coast.

 Onaero Domain tephra section. Map: Q19; Classification: B3. Significance: Site contains a distal record of post-c.6000 years BP eruptive activity from Egmont Volcano (41.5 km from present-day summit) and a late Holocene distal silicic tephra from Taupo Volcano.

 Opunake Cliffs lahar sequence. Map: P20; Classification: B2. Significance: Sections recording the late Quaternary Egmont derived debris avalanche and lahar flows that spread beyond the present coastline.

 Pariokariwa Point bedding plain shore platform. Map: Q18; Classification: C3. Significance: Only sandstone reef and shore platform between Awakino River mouth and New Plymouth.

 Patea cliff-top sand dunes. Map: Q21; Classification: C2. Significance: One of the most easily accessible examples of cliff-top black sand dunes along the South Taranaki coastline.

 Plateau Rd tephra section. Map: P20; Classification: C1. Significance: Most easily accessible and one of best examples of the ash bed (tephra) record of the younger eruptions of Mt Taranaki.

 Pukeiti "paint" ochre mines. Map: P19; Classification: B3. Significance: Only recorded ochre mine in New Zealand.

 South Taranaki and Wanganui uplifted marine terraces. Map: Q22/R22; Classification: A2. Significance: New Zealand's most complete sequence of uplifted marine terraces. The stratigraphy of the terrace deposits is the basis for New Zealand Pleistocene chronology.

 St Mary's Church, New Plymouth. Map: P19; Classification: B2. Significance: The largest and most prominent building made of New Plymouth Andesite. Oldest stone church in New Zealand.

 Stony River alluvial terraces. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: A series of well defined alluvial terraces.

 Stratford Mountain House umus. Map: P20; Classification: B1. Significance: Evidence of early Maori presence on Egmont prior to its latest pumice eruption.

 Sugar Loaf Islands, Paritutu and taranakite type locality. Map: P19; Classification: A2. Significance: The Sugarloaf Islands represent the oldest volcanic centre in Taranaki, and the type locality for taranakite.

 Tangarakau gorge. Map: R19; Classification: C3. Significance: The most spectacular gorge in the district.

 Taranaki uplifted peneplain. Map: R18; Classification: C3. Significance:

 Te Koru Pa stonework. Map: P19; Classification: B2. Significance: Most notable pa in New Zealand having stone retaining walls made from rounded river boulders.

 The Dome cumulodome cross-section. Map: P20; Classification: C3. Significance: Holocene cumulodome exposed in cross-section by Stony River.

 Tongaporutu stacks and cliffs, and Miocene sedimentary structures. Map: Q18; Classification: B3. Significance: Spectacular stacks, sea caves and cliffs. Excellent exposures of the contact between Mohakatino and Mt Messenger Formations, and good sedimentary structures in turbidites of the Mt Messenger Formation. Forms part of Tongaporutuan Stage holostratotype.

 Turangi Rd Inaha marine bench and cliff. Map: Q18; Classification: C2. Significance: Only known exposure providing evidence for the age of older deposits from Mt Taranaki.

 Umutekai swamp. Map: P19; Classification: C2. Significance: A swamp formed by a lahar blocking drainage.

 Urenui landslide. Map: Q19; Classification: C3. Significance: Complex landslide with slump and continual earthflow movement, escarpment, vertical cliffs, and broken rolled and humped debris.

 Urenui uplifted marine terraces. Map: Q19; Classification: B3. Significance: Good example of preserved Pleistocene marine terraces, uplifted at a rate of 0.3 mmy. Critical roll in correlation between Auckland and South Taranaki terraces. Eastern half of section forms part of Tongaporutuan Stage holostratotype.

 Wai-iti Beach drowned forest. Map: Q18; Classification: B2. Significance: Site contains numerous well preserved late Holocene tree stumps (in situ) and logs, a distal record of post-c.6000 years BP eruptive activity from Egmont Volcano (53 km from present day summit) and a late Holocene distal silicic tephra from Taupo Volcano.

 Waipipi active sand dunes and coastal features, Taranaki. Map: Q22; Classification: C2. Significance: A rare coastal strip of unmodified sand dunes. At the northwestern end is one of the few unmodified estuarine environments along this section of the South Taranaki/Wanganui coast.

 Waipipi Beach Plio-Pleistocene section. Map: Q22; Classification: B3. Significance: Holostratotype of Waipipian Stage and Oturian Stage at mouth of Wairoa Stream.

 Waitotara Estuary fossil forest. Map: R22; Classification: C2. Significance: Prominent remains of a totara forest that has been drowned and preserved by rising sea-level or local subsidence. Of considerable public interest and educational value.

 Waitotara ventifacts and dune system, Wanganui. Map: R22; Classification: B2. Significance: Best example in the country of an area of abundant ventifacts. Also, one of the largest, relatively unmodified dune systems along the Taranaki/Wanganui coast.

 Warea Pungarehu debris avalanche mound field. Map: P20; Classification: A1. Significance: The most extensive well preserved geomorphic surface of a volcanic debris avalanche deposit in New Zealand.

 Waverley Beach drowned forest. Map: Q22; Classification: C2. Significance: Holocene fossil tree stumps and logs provide example of pre-human podocarp-dominated forest.

 Waverley Beach serrated cliffs, Taranaki. Map: R22; Classification: B2. Significance: Best developed example of unusual cliff erosion, giving the coast a serrated appearance. Caves, tunnels, ravines, blowholes and a much photographed sea arch have eroded into the cliffs, leaving behind erosion-resistant stacks, islands and little peninsulas jutting up to 15 m into the sea.

 Waverley Fault Zone. Map: R22; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary displacement along the Waverley Fault Zone. Maximum scarp heights of 5 m (NW side up) in left and right stepping en echelon array. Slip rates c.0.1 mmy. Normal sense of displacement inferred.

 White Cliffs coastal cliffs. Map: Q18; Classification: B2. Significance: Coastal white cliffs, a spectacular and prominant tourist attraction. Forms part of the Tongaporutuan Stage holostratotype.

 Wilkies Bluff Pliocene section, Waitotara. Map: R22; Classification: B4. Significance: Holostratotype of Mangapanian Stage.

 Zigzag, Waihi Beach Plio-Pleistocene fossiliferous sediments. Map: Q21; Classification: B3. Significance: Unconformity between Wanganui Series and Holocene. Type locality for Hawera Series now included in Haweran Stage. Type locality of Hawera Formation. Shellbed with very diverse, shallow-water fauna. Rich Waipipian at base, overlain by type Haweran.