Otago Region

 Abbotsford landslide. Map: I44; Classification: B2. Significance: Site of best known landslide in New Zealand.

 Akatore Creek metachert with akatoreite. Map: I45; Classification: A1. Significance: Type locality and only known exposure of the mineral akatoreite.

 Akatore Fault, Bull Creek Swamp. Map: H45; Classification: C2. Significance: Swamp formed by uplift on the Akatore Fault and damming of Bull Creek.

 Akatore Fault, Nobles Stream. Map: H45; Classification: C2. Significance: Easily accessible and one of two most visible examples of the active Akatore Fault scarps.

 Akatore Fault, Taieri Beach faulted and uplifted coastal terraces. Map: I45; Classification: C2. Significance: Most easily accessible example of late Quaternary faulting on narrow uplifted coastal terrace along the active Akatore (reverse) Fault. Extensive area of uplifted Last Interglacial coastal terrace.

 Akatore gorge and estuary. Map: I45; Classification: C2. Significance: Outstanding example of a narrow, deeply incised gorge cut through uplifted coastal block opening out into fault-controlled estuary.

 Alma fossil hardground. Map: J41; Classification: B1. Significance: Unique Eocene hardground fossil fauna being only known locality where a number of fossil bryozoa have been collected.

 Anatini natural arch and whale bone fossils. Map: I41; Classification: C1. Significance: Easily accessible and one of few natural limestone arches in New Zealand. Whale bones on display nearby as part of Vanished World trail.

 Aramoana-Heyward Point lava flows. Map: J44; Classification: C3. Significance: Well exposed stratigraphic sequence of lava flows.

 Ardgowan Miocene fossils. Map: J41; Classification: B3. Significance: Diverse early Miocene (Altonian stage) macrofossil fauna.

 Arrow Junction piemontite-schist quarry. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: Most accessible and best described exposure of piemontite-bearing manganiferous schist in New Zealand.

 Arthurton Quarry Permian fossils. Map: G45; Classification: B3. Significance: Unique whole specimens and some double-valved fossil Permian mussels (Mytilidesmatella n.gen). Holostratotype of New Zealand Puruhauan Stage.

 Awamoa Creek Miocene fossils. Map: J41; Classification: B3. Significance: Diverse early Miocene (Altonian stage) macrofauna.

 Awamoa fossil rhodoliths. Map: J41; Classification: C1. Significance: Well-preserved rhodoliths in Oligocene limestone.

 Bains Eocene diatomite. Map: J41; Classification: A2. Significance: Classic Oamaru Diatomite locality, exposing stratigraphy of lower portion of deposits. Richest Oamaru Diatomite microflora known.

 Balclutha Quarry prehnite-pumpellyite facies. Map: H46; Classification: B2. Significance: Well-exposed example of prehnite-pumpellyite facies greywackes of the Caples terrane.

 Bannockburn Miocene fossil leaves and palynology. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: One of best places in New Zealand for finding fossil "Casuarine" cones. Type locality for pollen species. Excellent fossil leaves and ferns with fertile sporangia.

 Bannockburn Sluicings. Map: F41; Classification: C2. Significance: One of the best examples of gold sluicing sites in New Zealand. In Plio-Pleistocene fanglomerates derived from the Carrick Range.

 Bendigo (Loganstown) Goldfield. Map: G41; Classification: B2. Significance: The best example of a large gold mining settlement in the South Island. One of the largest reef mines in Otago.

 Benhar pottery works. Map: H46; Classification: B2. Significance: One of New Zealand's largest and most important ceramic works using local clay. The largest clay resource in New Zealand.

 Black Head organ pipes. Map: I44; Classification: C1. Significance: Good examples of columnar jointing in basalt lava flows.

 Blue Lake Fault, Pennyweight Hill. Map: H41; Classification: B3. Significance: Classic, well exposed locality showing relationships between reverse faults at an orthogonal intersection.

 Blue Lake, St Bathans Gold Mine, terrestrial sequence and fault exposure. Map: H41; Classification: B4. Significance: Records well preserved fluviatile depositional environments superbly exposed in the old gold mining sluices. Historical area for gold mining - deepest alluvial mine in New Zealand, site of the greatest hydraulic lift in the world at the time of operation. Excellent exposure of Blue Lake Fault.

 Blue Mountain No.1 Fault. Map: G44; Classification: C3. Significance: One of four late Quaternary traces of the Blue Mountain No.1 Fault.

 Blueskin Bay Quaternary tidal flats and coastal features. Map: I44; Classification: A3. Significance: Best Holocene and good Late Pleistocene section in Otago. Also important as location of many carbon dated shells used to construct New Zealand`s sea level curve.

 Bob's Cove Oligocene limestone and lime kilns. Map: E41; Classification: B2. Significance: A classic isolated outcrop of Oligocene limestone along the Moonlight Fault. Easily accessible example of three 19th Century lime kilns.

 Bortons Eocene fossils. Map: J41; Classification: B3. Significance: Holostratotype of middle Eocene Bortonian Stage.

 Boulder Hill Abbotsford Formation sediments. Map: I44; Classification: B3. Significance: Exposures of the contacts between Taratu Formation and Boulder Hill Formation, Boulder Hill Formation with Abbotsford Formation, and Abbotsford Formation with the Burnside Formation.

 Bridal Veil Stream pothole, Routeburn Track. Map: E40; Classification: C2. Significance: Excellent and readily accessible example of a large pothole scoured out cobbles in a stream.

 Bridge Point Eocene fossils and volcanics. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: One of few rich late Eocene (Runangan) fossil faunas in New Zealand. Excellent exposures of marine volcanics and volcaniclastic sediments.

 Brighton Beach rodded biotite schist. Map: I45; Classification: B2. Significance: Highest grade of metamorphism in the South Otago coastal transect from low to high metamorphic grade. Outstanding examples of rodded biotite development. Accessibility makes it an important educational site also.

 Brighton marine terrace, Otago. Map: I45; Classification: C2. Significance: Well preserved Last Interglacial marine bench, c.5 m asl.

 Bullendale hydro-electric plant. Map: E40; Classification: A2. Significance: First hydro-electric plant and transmission line to be used for an industrial purpose in New Zealand, and possibly the Southern Hemisphere.

 Burnside Quarry greensand. Map: I44; Classification: C4. Significance: Easily accessible and good exposures of greensand.

 Butel's Mine exposure, Ocean View. Map: I44; Classification: C4. Significance: Good exposures of the region's late Cretaceous and Paleocene sequence, especially Brighton Limestone Formation.

 Campbells Beach Oligocene hardground fossils unconformities. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: Well-exposed burrowed hardground recording sea-level changes. Reference section for two regionally-significant Neogene unconformities.

 Canyon Creek glacial stairway. Map: G38; Classification: B3. Significance: The best example in New Zealand of a glacial stairway exhibiting a range of glacial features.

 Cape Wanbrow Pleistocene fossil bird bones. Map: J41; Classification: B2. Significance: Rich fossil bird bone deposits of Last Interglacial age. Many are now extinct. Oldest known fossil tuatara bones.

 Cape Wanbrow wave-cut notch and fossil beach. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: A spectacular example of a wave-cut notch 2 m above high tide level, and a raised Pleistocene bench.

 Carrick water race, Bannockburn. Map: F42; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the best preserved water races in the Otago area.

 Cathedral Caves. Map: G47; Classification: C3. Significance: Best example of large joint controlled sea cave on Catlins Coast.

 Catlins Lake. Map: H47; Classification: C2. Significance: Excellent and unusual example of a large tidal lagoon (lake) with shape controlled by Settlement Fault along east side.

 Catlins Lake Holocene highstand terrace. Map: H47; Classification: C2. Significance: One of largest and most easily viewed examples of a terrace created intertidally during the middle Holocene sea-level highstand.

 Chrystalls Beach melange. Map: H45; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the best exposures of broken formation and melange in Haast Schist.

 Clarendon phosphatic sandstone. Map: H45; Classification: B3. Significance: A well-described francolite (carbonate-fluorapatite) locality. Largest phosphate deposit in New Zealand.

 Clarke slip, Rees River. Map: E40; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a landslide from the oversteepened side of a glacially-carved valley.

 Clifton Fault trace. Map: G45; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary 8 km long trace of the Clifton reverse fault.

 Clinton district porcellanite. Map: G45; Classification: C2. Significance: Good example of thermal metamorphism due to burning coal.

 Clyde ultramafic pod. Map: G42; Classification: B3. Significance: A good example of an ultramafic schist.

 Cooks Head taranakite. Map: H45; Classification: B3. Significance: The only occurence of taranakite in the South Island.

 Cormacks Siding Eocene diatomite. Map: J41; Classification: A1. Significance: Type locality of many diatom species described by Grove and Sturt (1888) and subsequent workers. The classic Oamaru Diatomite locality. No calcareous microfossils.

 Cornish Head rock slump. Map: J43; Classification: C3. Significance: Good example of a rock slump on a cliffed coastline.

 Cornish Point alluvial tailings. Map: G41; Classification: C5. Significance: Good example of alluvial tailings in Otago.

 Cromwell Gorge biotite-bearing schist. Map: G42; Classification: C3. Significance: A good example of biotite-bearing schist.

 Cromwell Gorge Caples-Torlesse boundary. Map: G41; Classification: B3. Significance: Exposure of major New Zealand terrane boundary.

 Cromwell Gorge hematitic metachert. Map: G41; Classification: C1. Significance: A readily accessible outcrop of a spectacular mineral.

 Crown Range superimposed folds. Map: F41; Classification: B3. Significance: An often cited example of superimposed folds.

 Crucible Lake moraine dammed lake. Map: F38; Classification: B3. Significance: A example of a moraine dammed lake.

 Danseys Pass metamorphosed pillow lava. Map: I41; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent examples of metamorphosed pillow lava often with flattened structures.

 Danseys Pass pumpellyite-actinolite facies. Map: I41; Classification: A3. Significance: Excellent example of transition from metagreywacke (burial metamorphism) to schist, and of the relationship between mineral isograds and textural zones.

 Dart Glacier debris slump. Map: E39; Classification: C3. Significance: A good example of a debris slump.

 Dart River delta. Map: E41; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a braided-river delta entering the head of a lake.

 Dead Duck Rock landslide boulder. Map: E39; Classification: B3. Significance: Landslide debris comprising one very large solitary boulder, greater than 100 m in diameter.

 Devils Bridge karst, Oamaru. Map: J41; Classification: C2. Significance: Rare example of diverse karstic features in limestones of North Otago that do not readily form solution features.

 Doolans Creek fused sediment. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Fused sediment at burnt coal seam provides an excellent example of contact metamorphism.

 Dumbarton Rock stilpnomelane. Map: G43; Classification: C3. Significance: A very good example of stilpnomelane veins.

 Dunedin Railway Station. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: Only known building made of Kokonga basalt.

 Dunstan Fault, Cambrians Dome. Map: H41; Classification: C3. Significance: Most symmetrical of three basement domes uplifted along the foot of the northern Dunstan Mountains.

 Dunstan Fault, Devonshire Road faulted terrace. Map: G41; Classification: C2. Significance: Readily accessible late Quaternary traces of the Devonshire Segment of the Dunstan Fault zone (widest part of fault zone, and with clearest traces).

 Dunstan Fault, Matakanui gold workings exposure. Map: G41; Classification: C2. Significance: Large exposure of Dunstan Fault zone. Shows 50 m zone of sheared schist and Manuherikia Group, and series of steep NW dipping synthetic and antithetic reverse faults.

 Dunstan Fault, Waikerikeri faulted fan. Map: G42; Classification: C2. Significance: Narrow <1 km wide area of tilted and offset terrace surface on the Dunstan Fault zone. Scarps up to 5 m height.

 Dunstan Mountains summit tors and biotite-bearing schist. Map: G41; Classification: C3. Significance: Numerous large summit tors. A good example of biotite-bearing schist.

 Earnscleugh tailings. Map: G42; Classification: C5. Significance: Only large area of dredge tailings in Otago. An example of multiple gold dredging stacking, at least three patterns.

 Elephant Rocks. Map: I41; Classification: C2. Significance: Spectacular erosional shapes in limestone.

 Enfield multiple dike. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the best inland exposures of dikes in the Oamaru region.

 Everett's Quarry Oligocene fossils. Map: J42; Classification: B2. Significance: Abundant, well preserved, diverse, in situ brachiopods with geopetal structures preserved in unfilled shells.

 Fairfield quarry Cretaceous-Paleocene sequence. Map: I44; Classification: B4. Significance: Excellent exposure of nonmarine and paralic Cretaceous-Paleocene sequence, historically important as a mining area and paleontological site, and stratigraphically important with respect to the KT boundary.

 False Islet stacks. Map: H47; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of coastal erosion controlled by bedding.

 Fan Creek Moonlight Fault exposure. Map: E41; Classification: C3. Significance: Most easily accessible exposure of the Moonlight Fault.

 Ferry Hill roche moutonnee. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: One of few best examples of roche moutonnee in Central Otago and one of most easily seen and appreciated.

 Flagstaff Peak patterned ground. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: A good example of patterned ground.

 Fortification Hill. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: Superb castle-shaped hill eroded into horizontally-bedded sequence of hard and soft units. Readily seen from highway 1.

 Fortification Peak olivine. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: An accessible lherzolite olivine nodule locality.

 Frankton Arm lacustrine sediment. Map: F41; Classification: C2. Significance: Best and most easily accessible exposure of varved lacustrine sediment from a time when Lake Wakatipu was at a much higher level.

 Frankton block field. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: A good, accessible example of a block field with a debris slide close by.

 Gabriels Gully gold discovery site. Map: H44; Classification: B3. Significance: First major alluvial gold find in New Zealand, discovered by Gabriel Read in May 1861. Triggered Tuapeka gold rush in 1861.

 Garvie Mountains glacierised peneplain. Map: F42; Classification: B3. Significance: The best example of transitional glaciated terrain between east and west Otago, best example of glaciated uplifted peneplain in Central Otago and a good example of structural controls on glaciation.

 Gates of Haast schist deformation. Map: G38; Classification: B3. Significance: An easily accessible section clearly showing the strain experienced during schist formation.

 Gees Flat sluiced areas. Map: F41; Classification: B3. Significance: Good examples of sluiced areas for gold, mining machinery is also preserved on the site.

 Gees Point Oligocene molluscan fossils. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: Diverse Oligocene (Whaingaroan) molluscan fauna, with unique hardground early Miocene hardground.

 Gibbston landslide. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: The most studied of several excellent examples of landslides in the area.

 Glenorchy State Mine scheelite. Map: E41; Classification: B2. Significance: Major scheelite locality. First and largest scheelite mine in the Glenorchy field and New Zealand.

 Golden Point battery, Macraes Flat. Map: I42; Classification: C2. Significance: Best preserved stamper battery and the only authentic, working example in Otago.

 Golden Progress Mine poppet head. Map: H41; Classification: C3. Significance: The only poppet head remaining in Otago.

 Green Gully metamorphosed pillow lava. Map: I41; Classification: C3. Significance: Good example metamorphosed small pillow lava in a matrix of red haematitic marble.

 Hammond Hill rock slump. Map: I43; Classification: C3. Significance: Best rock slump of its size in Dunedin, of educational value because it is a good example of stratigraphic instability.

 Hampden Beach Eocene fossiliferous sequence. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: Well exposed Eocene sedimentary sequence, lectostratotype of Bortonian Stage. Type locality for Hampden Formation.

 Harwood earth flow. Map: J44; Classification: C2. Significance: Good example of a recently active flow, now seasonally creeping.

 Harwood stranded sea cliffs. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: Well preserved and easily accessible example of ancient coastal cliff-line stranded by build up of Holocene terrace in front.

 Hawkdun cirque. Map: H40; Classification: B3. Significance: A well-defined lake-filled cirque.

 Hillocks kame field. Map: E40; Classification: B2. Significance: An excellent example of a kame field.

 Hoopers Inlet drowned valley. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a drowned valley forming a tidal inlet. Of scenic value.

 Hutchinsons Quarry Miocene brachiopod fossils. Map: J41; Classification: B3. Significance: Important fossil brachiopod locality.

 Hyde Rock solifluction stripes. Map: G43; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of solifluction stripes

 Jacks Bay blowhole. Map: H47; Classification: C2. Significance: Spectacular deep hole in hills cut by sea entering through sea cave. Tourist attraction.

 Jacks Bay Jurassic macrofossil assemblage. Map: H47; Classification: B3. Significance: Unique, well-preserved Jurassic (Temaikan stage) shallow water macrofossil assemblages.

 Jackson's Paddock Eocene diatomite and Eocene-Oligocene boundary. Map: J41; Classification: A3. Significance: Classic Oamaru Diatomite locality (upper part of stratigraphic sequence) and overlying Totara Limestone containing Eocene-Oligocene boundary.

 K9 landslide, Kawarau River. Map: F41; Classification: B3. Significance: An extremely good example of a large scale movement.

 Kaihiku Gorge Triassic fossils. Map: G46; Classification: B3. Significance: Holostratotype of Warepan and Kaihikuan Stages. Good macrofossils.

 Kaikorai Valley Pliocene fossil leaves. Map: I44; Classification: B1. Significance: Well-preserved fossil macroflora and rare freshwater fish fossils.

 Kaitangata coal mine disaster. Map: H46; Classification: C5. Significance: One of the first large coalmining disasters in NZ.

 Kaka Point Triassic fossiliferous metasediments. Map: H46; Classification: B3. Significance: Good exposure of Middle Triassic rocks. Some of New Zealand's best and most accessible exposures of zeolitised ash beds within the zeolite facies. Contains Triassic (Etalian stage) ammonoids important in international correlation.

 Kakanui north mineral breccia. Map: J42; Classification: A2. Significance: Presence of mantle xenoliths and high pressure megacrysts. New Zealand's only occurrence (together with Kakanui south mineral breccia) of upper mantle xenoliths and xenocrysts containing garnet.

 Kakanui River mouth EoceneOligocene boundary. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: EoceneOligocene boundary is located in the upper marl facies of the Totara Limestone.

 Kakanui south mineral breccia. Map: J42; Classification: A2. Significance: Presence of mantle xenoliths and high pressure megacrysts. New Zealand's only occurrence (together with kakanui north mineral breccia ) of upper mantle xenoliths and xenocrysts containing garnet.

 Karitane tombolo. Map: I43; Classification: C3. Significance: An easily appreciated, well defined feature.

 Kawarau gorge. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: A spectacular steep gorge notable for the volume and fast flowing nature of its water.

 Kingston terminal moraine and spillway channel. Map: F42; Classification: C2. Significance: An accessible good local example of terminal moraine, and a well-defined example of an uncommon lake overflow spillway channel.

 Kitchener Cirque headwall. Map: F39; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the best examples of a headwall in the Mt Aspiring area.

 Kyeburn folded schist. Map: I41; Classification: A3. Significance: A very rare example of bedding structures in textural zone 3A schist. The best and most accessible exposure in New Zealand.

 Kyeburn gold diggings. Map: I41; Classification: C3. Significance: A good example of water sluicing and related alluvial gold mining remains.

 Lady Ranfurly dredge site, Kawarau River. Map: F41; Classification: C2. Significance: Site of the wreck of the most productive gold dredge in the Otago area.

 Lake Alta cirque. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: A classic lake-filled cirque with steep rocky sides and back, and patches of moraine over schist bedrock at the front lip.

 Lake Dunstan non-marine sedimentary rocks. Map: F41; Classification: A4. Significance: Excellent fluvio-deltaic sequence with a variety of terrestrial environments preserved.

 Lake Harris and cirque. Map: D40; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent and easily accessible example of a cirque lake.

 Lake Hawea folded schist sequence. Map: G39; Classification: A2. Significance: An internationally classic schist sequence showing deformation associated with schist formation.

 Lake Hawea penultimate terminal moraine ridge. Map: G40; Classification: C3. Significance: An excellent example of a terminal moraine ridge that dammed a glacier lake after the glacier retreated with several hundred metres of lake sediment deposited under Hawea Flats.

 Lake Hayes moraine and erratics. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent examples of moraine left from when the valley was last occupied by a glacier.

 Lake Wakatipu beaches. Map: E41; Classification: C3. Significance: A very well defined example of a series of perched lake beach benches - a feature uncommon in New Zealand, of scientific/educational value.

 Lake Wilkie. Map: G47; Classification: B3. Significance: Excellent example of a dune-dammed lake in a natural forested setting.

 Landon Creek Duntroonian Stage stratotype (Oligocene). Map: J41; Classification: B2. Significance: Common Duntroonian brachiopods. Hypostratotype of Duntroonian Stage.

 Landon Creek Oligocene limestonegreensand contact. Map: J41; Classification: B2. Significance: Notable for the contact between Ototara Limestone overlying Kokoamu Greensand, and also for unconformity between thin Otekaike Limestone and overlying Gee Greensand.

 Landslip Hill landslide and mid-Tertiary plant beds. Map: G45; Classification: B2. Significance: Unusual sedimentary environment of plant beds well-preserved in silcrete and an excellent example of a landslide.

 Landslip Hill silcrete plant fossils, Charters Road. Map: G45; Classification: B3. Significance: Most extensive and easily accessible outcrop of this unusual lithology containing exquisite moulds of plant fossils.

 Larnach Castle. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: Outstanding example of the use of a variety of local stones in a well-known building.

 Lewis' Clutha coal mine. Map: H46; Classification: C3. Significance: The first recorded coal workings in South Otago. First mine in New Zealand to have a working rail transport system and steam hauled incline.

 Lindis Pass fault scarp. Map: G40; Classification: C3. Significance: Recent fault scarp with >1 m (W side up?) displacement and associated sag pond.

 Livingstone shallow marine sedimentary structures. Map: I41; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent exposure of Tapui Formation.

 Lochnagar debris dam and lake. Map: E40; Classification: C3. Significance: One of New Zealand's best and larger examples of a debris dammed lake caused by a large scale blockslide.

 Lorne Eocene molluscan fossils. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: Very diverse late Eocene (Kaiatan stage) molluscan fauna and unusual hard-bottom fauna. Holostratotype of disused Waiarekan Stage.

 Lovers Leap volcanic section and sea arch. Map: I44; Classification: B3. Significance: Well-exposed volcanic section and spectacular sea arch.

 Lowburn glacial outwash terraces. Map: G41; Classification: B3. Significance: The best example of fluvio-glacial outwash terraces in New Zealand. A sequence of widely spaced terraces.

 Macetown Goldfield. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Most productive gold mine (Tipperary Mine) in the schist rocks of Otago and Marlborough and remains of historic mining area and town.

 Makarora River delta. Map: F39; Classification: C3. Significance: Good example of a braided river delta entering a lake.

 Malaghan Road roche moutonnee. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: Well preserved examples of relic glacial landforms from the Last Ice Age.

 Manorburn folded schist. Map: G42; Classification: C3. Significance: Good example of mesoscopic evidence for macroscopic recumbent folding in schist.

 Matanaka sea caves. Map: J43; Classification: B2. Significance: Among best and longest sea caves in New Zealand. Sea erosion has opened access to dissolution cavities with speleothems, cutting through Goodwood Limestone.

 McDonald schist cottage, Taieri. Map: H44; Classification: C1. Significance: Only remaining example of a historic schist cottage in Taieri Graben.

 McPhee Cove Jurassic conglomerate. Map: G47; Classification: C3. Significance: Good exposures of unusual Jurassic conglomerates.

 Middlemarch diatomite-bearing leaf fossils. Map: I43; Classification: B2. Significance: Diatomite within Dunedin Volcanics, excellent fossil leaf and flower flora in excellent exampl;e of freshwater diatomite.

 Middlemarch garnet-bearing schist. Map: I43; Classification: C3. Significance: A good example of the garnet zone of the greenschist facies.

 Misty Peak rock slump. Map: F38; Classification: C3. Significance: Good example of a rock slump.

 Mitchells Point Paleocene Wangaloa fossils. Map: H46; Classification: A3. Significance: Most diverse Paleocene molluscan fauna in southern hemisphere and holostratotype of disused Wangaloan Stage.

 Mitchell's schist cottage and fenceposts. Map: G42; Classification: C1. Significance: A good example of the use of schist as a building stone; as well as the use of stone in an innovative way.

 Moeraki Boulders. Map: J42; Classification: B1. Significance: A group of about 20 concretions (1-2 m in diameter) eroded out of the rocks at the back of the beach. Excellent examples of concretions.

 Moeraki complex landslide. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: Very interesting and accessible series of slides, topples, falls and flows, with some retrogressive failures occurring.

 Moeraki Peninsula erionite. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: Good examples of the zeolite erionite, plus phillipsite and barite.

 Moeraki Point volcanic features. Map: J42; Classification: B3. Significance: Good exposures of a number of volcanic features, including a classic example of a differentiated dolerite sill.

 Moke Creek greenschist copper deposit. Map: E41; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the very few pre-metamorphic metalliferous occurrences in the Otago Schist. Remnants of a small, locally significant copper mine in Otago.

 Moonlight Fault lacustrine beach ridges. Map: E42; Classification: C2. Significance: Good example of fault displacement of lacustrine terraces on side of Lake Wakatipu.

 Morvern Hill roche moutonnee. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: One of few best examples of roche moutonnee in Central Otago.

 Motatapu gorge. Map: F40; Classification: B3. Significance: An extremely narrow, 2.5 m wide gorge.

 Moutere Station cob woolshed, Central Otago. Map: G41; Classification: B1. Significance: Unique example of a nineteenth century cob woolshed.

 Mt Aspiring glacial horn. Map: E39; Classification: A3. Significance: A spectacular internationally known example of a glacial horn.

 Mt Dasher (Otepopo) slate. Map: I42; Classification: B3. Significance: A good example of slate formation. Only site in NZ where roofing slate has been produced.

 Mt Earnslaw synform. Map: E40; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a large post-metamorphic fold.

 Mt Holmes organ pipes. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent and easily accessible example of columnar jointing.

 Mt Iron roche moutonnee. Map: F40; Classification: B3. Significance: A particularly good example of a roche moutonnee.

 Mt Stoker basanite. Map: I43; Classification: C3. Significance: Outstanding example of volcanic landform on schist peneplain.

 Mt Watkin basalt boulder stream. Map: I43; Classification: B1. Significance: Talus of columnar jointed basalt. New Zealand's best example of a boulder stream, in association with a block field.

 Naseby Goldfield and earth buildings. Map: H41; Classification: C2. Significance: Good example (and only profitable example) of sluicings in the Pliocene Maniototo Conglomerate. Excellent examples of adobe brick earth buildings.

 Nenthorn Goldfield. Map: I43; Classification: C3. Significance: An example of well exposed gold-bearing quartz veins, and associated historic boom town site.

 Nevis Bluff limburgite and greenschist. Map: F41; Classification: B4. Significance: One of the best exposures of greenschist New Zealand and a limburgite dike cutting the Haast Schist.

 Nevis Fault, Baileys Hill. Map: F42; Classification: C3. Significance: Good exposures and late Quaternary traces of the Nevis Fault system.

 Nevis Fault, Drummond Creek. Map: F42; Classification: C3. Significance: Good exposure and late Quaternary trace of the Nevis Fault.

 Nevis Fault, Schoolhouse Creek area. Map: F42; Classification: C3. Significance: Good exposures and late Quaternary traces of the Nevis Fault - Schoolhouse Fault system.

 Niger Peak diatreme. Map: F39; Classification: B3. Significance: Excellent example of a lamprophyre diatreme.

 Nine Mile Landslide. Map: G41; Classification: A2. Significance: One of the best examples of a landslide in schist rocks in New Zealand.

 Northburn alluvial tailings. Map: G41; Classification: B1. Significance: Best example of herringbone tailings in Otago.

 North Dunedin phonolite domes. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: Six prominent rounded peaks creating the skyline ridge between Port Chalmers and Blueskin Bay are the best example of a group of late phase phonolite domes that were extruded from the Dunedin Volcano.

 Nugget Point coastal headland and stacks. Map: H46; Classification: C3. Significance: Spectacular rocky headland and numerous offshore stacks (The Nuggets).

 Nugget Point laumontite ash bed. Map: H46; Classification: B3. Significance: An exposure of one of the three main mineral assemblages for zeolite facies in southern New Zealand.

 Nugget Point, Parks Bluff Triassic fossils. Map: H46; Classification: B3. Significance: Rich and easily accessible Triassic brachiopod and bivalve fossils.

 Nugget Point, Roaring Bay Triassic fossils and volcaniclastics. Map: H46; Classification: A3. Significance: Richest Triassic foraminiferal fauna in the Southern Hemisphere (Manticula Shellbed). One of best sources of ammonoids and nautiloids in NZ Triassic (Nautiloid Beds). Good exposure of volcaniclastic sedimentary sequence.

 NW Cardrona Fault, Blackmans Creek. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Only documented occurrence of strike slip fault displacement in Central Otago.

 NW Cardrona Fault, Branch Creek Road faulted aggradation surface. Map: F40; Classification: C3. Significance: Displaced terrace surface (c.16000 years) and trenched exposure of NW Cardrona Fault. High angle reverse fault with surface offset of c.4 m. 3 fault movements of 1.3 m surface uplift represented in exposure, suggesting recurrence interval of faulting c.4000-7000 years.

 NW Cardrona Fault, Kawarau River faulted terrace. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: Site where radiocarbon dating has documented 3 faulting events with recurrence interval of 4000-9000 years implied.

 NW Cardrona Fault, Maori Gully faulted surfaces. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Only known Central Otago example of late Quaternary faulting being positively identified within landslide deposits.

 Oamaru Court House. Map: J41; Classification: C2. Significance: One of the best examples of the use of Oamaru Stone in New Zealand.

 Oamaru limestone dikes. Map: J41; Classification: C1. Significance: Most easily accessible and one of the best examples of limestone dikes into tuff in New Zealand.

 Oamaru pillow lavas and volcaniclastic rocks. Map: J41; Classification: A3. Significance: One of the the best pillow lava flows in the world, within the best exposed sequence through the volcaniclastic deposits of Oamaru volcano.

 Old Man and Obelisk Range summit tors and sheath folds. Map: G42; Classification: A3. Significance: An abundance of very large greyschist and greenschist tors, many exhibiting inland tafoni. One of the best and most accessible exposures of sheath folds in schist in New Zealand.

 Old Man and Old Woman Rocks, Huriawa Peninsula, Karitane, Otago. Map: I43; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent, easily seen examples of coastal sea stacks eroded in mid Tertiary sedimentary rocks and one of best exposures in Otago of Oligocene glauconitic sandstone with extensive Scolicia and other trace fossils.

 Old Man Range peneplain. Map: G42; Classification: B3. Significance: A sequence of lowland, mid-altitude and summit peneplain landforms on downwarped peneplain.

 Old Rifle Butts Eocene-Miocene sequence. Map: J41; Classification: B3. Significance: Richly fossiliferous, well exposed sedimentary sequence.

 Old Woman Range patterned ground and solifluction stripes. Map: F42; Classification: B2. Significance: A collection of large hummocks and solifluction stripes.

 Ophir Post Office. Map: G41; Classification: C2. Significance: Well known example of an historic building made of schist.

 Otago Peninsula pyramids. Map: J44; Classification: C3. Significance: Two impressive pyramid-shaped abandoned marine stacks now stranded almost 1 km inland by growth of sand flat and retreating shore.

 Otago University clocktower building. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: One of the best examples of the use of local Dunedin stones in an early European building.

 Paerau Schist Tors. Map: H43; Classification: C3. Significance: Several impressive schist tors.

 Papanui Inlet drowned valley. Map: J44; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a drowned valley forming a tidal inlet. Of scenic value.

 Pennyweight Hill unconformity. Map: H41; Classification: B1. Significance: Outstanding example of kaolinitised schist.

 Pigroot Creek reverse fault exposure. Map: I42; Classification: C3. Significance: Best outcrop of the East Otago reverse fault system.

 Pisa Fault, Kawarau Gorge. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: 500m wide exposure of the Pisa Fault crush zone with antiformal folding of schist to the W and synclinal folding of Manuherikia sediments to the E.

 Pisa Fault, Lochar Station. Map: G41; Classification: C3. Significance: Deformation and offset of Quaternary terrace surface for distance of 6 km on northern portion of the Pisa Fault.

 Pisa Fault, Maori Point. Map: G40; Classification: C3. Significance: Broad anticlinal warping of lake sediments in area of inferred Pisa Fault (no surface expression of fault in Hawea gravels). Fold axis c.300 m W of original proposed Maori Point damsite.

 Pisa Fault, Smallburn. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Deformed Quaternary gravels and 30 by 20 m wide tilted fan surface of Luggate age along the Pisa Fault. Representative of deformation along this part of the reverse fault.

 Pisa Range cirques. Map: F41; Classification: C3. Significance: Good examples of small cirque lakes and moraine.

 Polnoon Valley peat swamp. Map: F40; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of an old debris-dammed peat swamp.

 Pomahaka River, Oyster Creek Oligocene estuarine fossils. Map: G45; Classification: B2. Significance: Well-preserved, diverse Oligocene fossil floral assemblage and unusual diverse estuarine molluscan fauna.

 Pomahaka River, Waikoikoi Creek Oligocene estuarine beds. Map: G45; Classification: C3. Significance: Estuarine beds with an unusual Oligocene fossil flora and fauna.

 Poolburn Reservoir tourmaline. Map: H42; Classification: C3. Significance: Unusually high modal amounts of tourmaline in schist.

 Poseidon Anticline fold hinge, Sarpedon. Map: E40; Classification: B3. Significance: Rare exposure of a syn-metamorphic fold hinge in bedding.

 Pukeuri Miocene fossils. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: Diverse early Miocene (Altonian stage) macrofauna.

 Purakaunui Falls, Otago. Map: G47; Classification: C2. Significance: Easily accessible example of waterfall over near flat-lying Triassic sandstone beds. Popular tourist attraction; aesthetically beautiful cascades as they fall over successive beds.

 Purakaunui Inlet, Otago. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: An easily accessible, almost pristine example of a small drowned valley forming an intertidal estuary with a sand dune barrier across the entrance.

 Pyke Valley asbestos. Map: E39; Classification: B3. Significance: One of best examples in New Zealand of an asbestos deposit.

 Rakis Table Eocene sedimentary rocks. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: Type locality for Raki Siltstone.

 Reids Stream deformed schists. Map: I45; Classification: C3. Significance: The best and most accessible exposure of deformed conglomerates, superimposed deformation, refolded folds and folded foliation in Otago.

 Remarkables terrane boundary and block field. Map: F41; Classification: B3. Significance: The best exposed and most easily accessible section of the CaplesAspiring terrane boundary. A good example of a block field.

 Rob Roy Stream stilpnomelane. Map: E39; Classification: C3. Significance: A good and well-exposed example of stilpnomelane.

 Robertson Creek transposition structures. Map: I41; Classification: B3. Significance: Exposure shows a stage in the development of schist not often observed.

 Rock and Pillar Range solifluction features. Map: H43; Classification: B3. Significance: One of the best examples of solifluction features in Otago.

 Ross Creek water supply dam, Dunedin. Map: I44; Classification: B3. Significance: The first major water supply in New Zealand.

 Routeburn track melange. Map: E40; Classification: B3. Significance: Cryptic tectonic feature in Caples terrane.

 Saddle Hill. Map: I44; Classification: C1. Significance: Prominent volcanic landform. Historical - first sighted and named by James Cook.

 Sandfly Bay lag surface, ventifacts and earth flow. Map: I44; Classification: B3. Significance: Excellent example of multicoloured coastal sand dune system with lag surfaces and actively-forming ventifacts. Also a good example of an earth flow.

 Sandymount lime kiln. Map: I44; Classification: C2. Significance: Most accessible and one of the best preserved lime kilns in the southern South Island.

 Sandymount terracettes. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: Well defined terracettes on side of hill; of scientific/educational value.

 Shag Point coal pit. Map: J43; Classification: C3. Significance: First discovery of bituminous (hard) coal in NZ.

 Shag Point Cretaceous macroflora. Map: J43; Classification: C3. Significance: Well-preserved upper Cretaceous plant fossils.

 Shag Point plesiosaur fossils. Map: J43; Classification: B2. Significance: Source of complete plesiosaur fossils.

 Shag River estuary and salt marsh, Otago. Map: J43; Classification: C3. Significance: Least modified of a series of estuaries south of Shag Point.

 Silver moraine wall. Map: E39; Classification: B3. Significance: A spectacular example of a moraine wall.

 Skippers alluvial workings. Map: E41; Classification: C2. Significance: A good example of the mining of terrace gravels and old, perched river channels.

 Slope Hill roche moutonnee. Map: F41; Classification: B2. Significance: One of few best examples of roche moutonnee in Central Otago and one of most easily seen and appreciated.

 Spylaw Fault. Map: G44; Classification: C2. Significance: Good late Quaternary trace of the Spylaw fault.

 St Andrew's Church, Maheno. Map: J42; Classification: C2. Significance: Excellent example of the use of a variety of local stones in a building.

 Stuart statue, Dunedin. Map: I44; Classification: C1. Significance: Only known remaining example of Waikawa Sandstone used as a building stone.

 Sutton Salt Lake and lowland tors. Map: H43; Classification: B3. Significance: Unusual inland saline lake and easily accessible example of lowland tors. Only salt lake in New Zealand.

 Tahakopa River estuary and alluvial swamp, Otago. Map: G47; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the most accessible and least modified beach, estuary and dune systems on the Catlins coast.

 Taieri Island tombolo. Map: I45; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent and easily accessible example of a tombolo.

 Taieri River gorge. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a large, deeply incised, meandering river gorge. Of high scenic and aesthetic value.

 Taieri River meanders. Map: H43; Classification: B2. Significance: Best example of a meandering river in New Zealand. Has a high degree of curvature and shows all stages of ox-bow formation.

 Taieri River mouth gorge. Map: I45; Classification: A3. Significance: Unmodified and well defined coastal gorge.

 Taieri River mouth psilomelane. Map: I45; Classification: B3. Significance: Manganese deposit with psilomelane.

 Target Gully Shell Pit Miocene fossils. Map: J41; Classification: B1. Significance: One of most diverse Cenozoic macrofossil localities in New Zealand, historically important.

 Tautuku Bay coastal features, Otago. Map: G47; Classification: B3. Significance: A pristine environment containing some of the best examples of typical Catlins coastline landforms. One of the few bays in NZ with an almost completely unmodified catchment except for sparse logging operations. Florence Hill lookout gives a spectacular view of this site – one of the most photographed panoramas in the Catlins.

 Tawhiroko Point subcalcic augite. Map: J42; Classification: A3. Significance: Type locality of subcalcic augite.

 The Chasm, Sandymount, Otago Peninsula. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a collapsed sea cave or tunnel creating a deep, vertical-sided chasm.

 Titri Fault tilted gravels. Map: H45; Classification: C3. Significance: Tilted late Quaternary gravels along Titri Fault zone. Occurs close to front of E hills bordering the Taieri graben.

 Titri Fault, Snowdrift Quarry. Map: H45; Classification: C1. Significance: Only known exposure of reverse and active Titri Fault.

 Tokarahi Sill. Map: I41; Classification: C2. Significance: Well-exposed columnar-jointed sill.

 Tokomairiro salt meadow. Map: H45; Classification: B2. Significance: Possibly the largest and best developed high-tidal salt meadow in New Zealand, cut by deeply incised intertidal channels.

 Trig M Eocene brachiopod fossils. Map: J41; Classification: B2. Significance: Diverse late Eocene (Runangan stage) brachiopod fauna.

 Tuapeka fault plane. Map: H44; Classification: B3. Significance: Well exposed fault plane, with slickensides.

 Tunnel Beach sandstone cliffs and sea arch. Map: I44; Classification: C3. Significance: A fine example of sandstone cliffs, the most accessible in Dunedin. Good exposure of Otago's early Miocene sedimentary sequence.

 Tunnel Hill Fault. Map: H40; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary traces and 3m warping in Pleasant Valley aged surface (15000 to 5000 years) along NE trending NW dipping reverse fault. Displaces Manuherikia Group sediments against Maori Bottom Formation and occurs near the Hawkdun lignite deposit.

 Vinegar Hill Miocene nonmarine fossils. Map: H41; Classification: A2. Significance: Contains unusual Miocene terrestrial fossil flora and fauna and fresh water algae. Also site of fossil tuatara and crockodile and bat bones. Site of freshwater oncolite bed.

 Vulcan Fault. Map: H40; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary trace showing progressive displacement over the past c.35000 years, with at least 3 events occurring in that time. Up to 200 m wide zone, curved and concave to the NW, and at the intersection of major NE and NW trending faults. Lignite faulted against late Quaternary alluvium (NW side up) along moderately steep 40 degree reverse fault plane (scarp up to 4 m high). Occurs within area of Hawkdun lignite deposit.

 Vulcan Hotel, St Bathans. Map: H41; Classification: C2. Significance: Excellent example of an adobe building still in use.

 Waianakarua (north branch) road bridge. Map: J42; Classification: B1. Significance: Best surviving and most ornate stone bridge in New Zealand.

 Waianakarua flour mill. Map: J42; Classification: C2. Significance: One of the few, and the best known building made of tuff in New Zealand.

 Waianakarua North Branch metamorphosed pillow lava and sandstone dikes. Map: I42; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent examples of metamorphosed pillow lava with prominent feldspar pseudomorphs (up to 2 cm) and sandstone dikes.

 Waihao River (North Branch) pillow lava. Map: J40; Classification: C3. Significance: Well exposed examples of metamorphosed pillow lava.

 Waihola basalt columns. Map: H45; Classification: C3. Significance: Columnar jointed basalts with unusal set of corrugations perpendicular to the column axes.

 Waipati estuary, Otago. Map: G47; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a narrow elongate estuary.

 Waitahuna loess flow. Map: H44; Classification: C2. Significance: The best local example a loess earth flow. Demonstrates the relationship between tunnel gullying and mass movement.

 Waitoto headwall. Map: F39; Classification: B3. Significance: A spectacular headwall with a 1500m drop.

 Wangaloa Domain transgressive sequence. Map: H46; Classification: B3. Significance: Superb exposure of shallow water, storm dominated sequences. Shows the transition from Cretaceous coal measures of the Great South Basin to latest Cretaceous-early Tertiary shallow water deposits.

 Watson's Beach coombsite. Map: H45; Classification: A2. Significance: Type locality and only known occurrence of coombsite, occurring with only New Zealand occurrences of parsettensite and caryopilite.

 West Abbotsford Landslide head scarp. Map: I44; Classification: B1. Significance: Best example of remaining features of either the west or east Abbotsford landslides. Excellent and easily viewed educational site.

 Weston pillow lava. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: Well exposed pillow lavas.

 Weston wind gap. Map: J41; Classification: C3. Significance: A large wind gap cut through high bluffs of Ototara limestone.

 Whiterocks Road pillow lava. Map: J41; Classification: C2. Significance: Easily accessible, well exposed section through pillow lavas. On Vanished World Fossil Trail.

 Whiterocks Road pillow lava – mineral brecciabryozoan limestone. Map: J41; Classification: C1. Significance: Easily accessible and viewed roadside exposure of fresh mineral breccia and bryozoan-rich limestone and weathered pillow lava. Part of Vanished World trail.

 Whites Creek cirque basins. Map: F42; Classification: B3. Significance: Contrasting shallow and deep cirque basins showing the influence of pre-glacial topography on glaciation. A good example of plateau glaciation is on the summit of Old Woman Range to the immediate west.

 Young Australian mine water wheel, Carrick Range. Map: F42; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the two best examples of an in-situ water wheel associated with gold mining in Otago.