Hawkes Bay Region

Ahuriri Lagoon 1931 uplifted seafloor and islet. Map: V21; Classification: B2. Significance: Small islet from pre 1931 now sitting in the middle of uplifted farmed grassland which was formerly the intertidal lagoon floor.

 Ahuriri Lagoon uplifted entrance channel fossils. Map: V21; Classification: B1. Significance: Best illustration of 2.5 m of uplift during the 1931 Napier Earthquake, in the form of in-situ subtidal bivalves (Ruditapes) in life-position in channel bottom gravelly sand now exposed at high tide level.

 Aniwaniwa Falls. Map: W18; Classification: C3. Significance: Series of cascades adjacent to Urewera National Park Information Centre. Tourist attraction.

 Aramoana slump. Map: V23; Classification: C3. Significance: The biggest coastal slump in Hawkes Bay is caused by natural erosion as a result of Pleistocene-Holocene sea level changes.

 Ashcott Road Pliocene fauna. Map: U22; Classification: C3. Significance: Very diverse Mangapanian-Nukumaruan molluscan fauna.

 Auroa Point mushroom rocks, Mahia Peninsula. Map: Y19; Classification: C1. Significance: One of the few places in New Zealand where mushroom/toadstool-shaped rocks have developed on an intertidal platform. Readily accessible and visible from the road.

 Bare Island earth slump and earthflow. Map: W22; Classification: C3. Significance: Mass movement features comprising the essential character of Bare Island apart from the cliffs on the west - Bare Island being the biggest island off the coast of Hawkes Bay.

 Big Hill Fault. Map: U21; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary trace of the Lizard Fault [75 degree NE dipping reverse fault].

 Blowhard Plateau. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: A series of plateaux formerly covered with Tertiary rock, of which only remnants remain, the plateau being deeply dissected by the Tutaekuri River and tributaries.

 Blowhard Range Karst. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: Karst in Te Waka Limestone.

 Cape Kidnappers conjugate shears. Map: W21; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of conjugate shears.

 Cape Kidnappers Pleistocene sedimentary rocks and sea cliffs. Map: W21; Classification: A3. Significance: Shear colourful cliffs cut into clearly stratified mudstone and sandstone with prominant rock banding, including some prominent fault displacement. The most spectacular cliffs in Hawkes Bay. Well exposed succession which contains:- 1) middle to late Pleistocene sequence overlapping in age with the Type Castlecliffian succession in the Wanganui Basin; 2) interdigitating marine and nonmarine deposits that can be correlated with the global oxygen isotope stage classification; 3) numerous unweathered tephras derived from the Taupo Volcanic Zone.

 Cape Kidnappers stack. Map: W21; Classification: C3. Significance: A pale grey pointed tooth of sandstone rock as an extension of Cape Kidnappers. Most spectacular stack in Hawkes Bay.

 Cooks Horn rock pillar. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: An indurated spike of greywacke rock rising above Cooks Horn Basin - approximately 12 m high. An unusual feature for Hawkes Bay.

 Cray Bay boulders. Map: W22; Classification: C2. Significance: A coastal stretch of spherical concretionary boulders, ranging from 25 cm to 2 m in diameter.

 Devils Elbow Plio-Pleistocene sediments. Map: V20; Classification: A4. Significance: Easily accessible section, important for the preservation of rapid depth changes caused by glacio-eustatic sea level changes. Most diverse Nukumaruan macrofauna in New Zealand.

 Flat Rock, Tangoio, Hawkes Bay. Map: V20; Classification: C3. Significance: A large flat horizontal shore platform slightly above water level with a cave in one end. Uplifted in Hawkes Bay Earthquake.

 Folgers slip. Map: U22; Classification: C2. Significance: Dammed river - used to assess sediment transport rates.

 Heretaunga alluvial plain. Map: V21; Classification: C3. Significance: An alluvial plain formed largely by the Ngaruroro River, contributed to by the Tutaekuri and Tukituki Rivers. Biggest area of Taupo Pumice alluvium on East Coast.

 Hinemahanga Rocks basalt islets. Map: V22; Classification: B3. Significance: Part of a continuous sheet of basalt now broken into islets, significant because they are olivine basalt representing MORB currently being subducted under Upper Cretaceous sediments. One of only two known significant occurrences of Red Island Volcanics.

 Horseshoe Lake cut-off meander. Map: V22; Classification: C2. Significance: A cut-off meander from the ancient Tukituki River system. Good example of cut-off meander forming a lake.

 Iron Spike rills and gullies. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: Rills, leading into some large gullies are superimposed in subsoil on the rounded crest of an eroded hill. One of the best Hawkes Bay examples.

 Karamu Stream meander channel. Map: V21; Classification: C3. Significance: A good Hawkes Bay example of a meandering river.

 Kaweka Range overthrust. Map: U20; Classification: B3. Significance: Example of greywacke overthrust onto Tertiary rocks.

 Kaweka solifluction stripes. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: An area of approximately 0.3 ha on level ground containing stones, sorted into prominant lines by frost action. One of few examples in Hawkes Bay.

 Kidnapper marine terrace. Map: W21; Classification: C3. Significance: An extensive uplifted marine terrace cut during last Interglacial. The largest marine terrace remnant of this age in the region.

 Kidnappers Anticline. Map: W21; Classification: C3. Significance: Topographical anticline, bending moment faultinglast interglacial marine terrace offsets, and raised marine benches aged c.2320 and 2410 years. Excellent exposure of tectonic features along high cliffs between Te Awanga and Cape Kidnappers.

 Kopuawhara flood disaster site. Map: Y19; Classification: B3. Significance: Site of the largest loss of life during a flood, in New Zealand.

 Kopuawhara mud volcano. Map: Y19; Classification: B2. Significance: One of the best examples of a mud volcano on the east coast.

 Lake Poukawa Fault. Map: V22; Classification: C2. Significance: Sequence of peat and Holocene tephra under Lake Poukawa with bisecting fault that moved during the 1931 earthquake. Constant rate of vertical faulting of 0.2 mmy (W side up) and return period of faulting of 800-900 years.

 Lake Poukawa Holocene swamp. Map: V22; Classification: B2. Significance: Rich subfossil bird bones and human occupation deposits. Lake and swamp act as a source of baseflow to feed scenic Pekapeka Wetland downstream.

 Lake Tutira. Map: V20; Classification: C2. Significance: One of the largest debris dammed lakes in Hawkes Bay. Lake created between 3500 - 6000 years ago by collapse of limestone and sandstone from Eastern Hill country.

 Lake Waikareiti beach. Map: W18; Classification: C3. Significance: An attractive beach of white pumice sand extending for apprximately 200 m.

 Lake Waikaremoana. Map: W18; Classification: B3. Significance: The largest debris dammed lake in the region. A scenic lake with original vegetation and no erosion.

 Maharakeke Road Pliocene fossils. Map: U23; Classification: C3. Significance: Very diverse Nukumaruan to upper (?) Kumeroan molluscan fauna.

 Mahia Peninsula Holocene and Late Pleistocene marine terraces. Map: Y19; Classification: A3. Significance: The best preserved and most easily seen sequence of uplifted late Quaternary marine terraces in New Zealand.

 Mahia Peninsula tombolo. Map: Y19; Classification: B3. Significance: One of the largest sand tombolos in New Zealand.

 Mahia Peninsula tuffaceous slump horizons. Map: Y19; Classification: C3. Significance: A good example of soft sediment deformation.

 Mahia strike ridged shore platform. Map: Y19; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent and easily accessible example of a wide shore platform with its shape controlled by the long curving strike and gentle dip of the sedimentary strata.

 Makahu Spur scree slopes. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: Scree slopes of greywacke rock and residual pumice on Makahu Spur are typical of many in east Kaweka Range.

 Makaretu Stream falls. Map: X19; Classification: C2. Significance: Excellent example of waterfall over bedded sandstone. Easi;ly viewed from Mangapoike Rd.

 Makaretu Stream S bend and fossils. Map: X19; Classification: C2. Significance: Excellent example of an unusual S-bend in incised course of stream. Well seen and easily accessible from road. Rich source of Pliocene fossils.

 Mangahouanga Stream Cretaceous vertebrate fossils. Map: V19; Classification: A2. Significance: First, and to date the only, record of terrestrial dinosaurs found in New Zealand. Rich and diverse Cretaceous vertebrate fossils in concretions, including New Zealand's only known dinosaurs and New Zealand's oldest known fossil insect, as well as fossil turtles, mosasaurs, elasmosaurs, plesiosaurs and early fish.

 Mangaone Cave, Nuhaka. Map: X19; Classification: C3. Significance: Geomorphology - length, joint control.

 Mangapoike River Pliocene section, Wairoa. Map: X19; Classification: B3. Significance: Excellent exposure through limestone. Lectostratotype of Opoitian Stage in New Zealand.

 Maraetotara joint-related gorges. Map: V22; Classification: C2. Significance: Prominent joint-related gorges intersecting at c. 60 degrees.  Best-developed examples of joint-related erosion features criss-crossing limestone in the region.

 Maraetotara Plateau karst. Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: Most easily accessible example of superb well-developed solution runnels within karst landscape on limestone plateau.  Otherwise rare in Te Aute Limestone.

 Maraetotara Falls historic hydro-electricity power stations. Map: V22; Classification: B2. Significance: Two of the earliest examples of hydro-electric power generation in New Zealand.

 Matangimomoe earthquake slip. Map: W20; Classification: B3. Significance: Very large rotational crown scarp preserved from an earthquake initiated coastal slip.

 Maungaharuru weathering features. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: The most striking example of several such features in the region. A large cylindrical tower set on the summit of a limestone rockface.

 Maungataniwha Hot Springs. Map: V18; Classification: C2. Significance:

 Maungawhio Lagoon. Map: Y19; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent, little modified example of a tidal lagoon at the mouth of significant stream and constructed by Holocene sand dunes and sand barrier.

 Milton Road Pliocene macrofossils, Napier. Map: V21; Classification: B3. Significance: A diverse limestone macrofauna including a unique Ross Seal jaw and type locality of Phialopecten triphooki.

 Mohaka earthquake slump deposit. Map: W19; Classification: C3. Significance: Preserved physical evidence of the catastrophic effects of the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake.

 Mohaka Fault, Big Hill Stream to Ngarurora River. Map: U21; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent late Quaternary trace of the Mohaka Fault [Reverse-oblique steep E dipping].

 Mohaka Fault, 'Fault Gully'. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: Major range boundary fault on the east coast of the North Island. Exposure of faulted greywackeTertiary contact dipping 24 degrees west on the Mohaka Fault [Reverse-dextral, steep E dipping]. Not strictly a late Quaternary trace.

 Mohaka Fault, Ngatapu Station. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary trace of the Mohaka Fault [Reverse-dextral, steep E dipping]. This site is monitored for precise strain measurements by the Earth Deformation Section, Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd (New Zealand Geological Survey).

 Mohaka Fault, The Organs area, Mohaka River. Map: V19; Classification: C2. Significance: A spectacular badlands erosion feature of striking pale blue-grey and red earth pillars rising to 60 m tall, at Tertiary-greywacke fault contact. Best Hawkes Bay example. Late Quaternary traces on hillside to east of Bend.

 Mohaka Fault, Trench exposure. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary trace and trenched exposure of the Mohaka Fault [Reverse-oblique, steep E dipping]. Stream offsets show 15 m RL displacement over the last 1900 years (7.9 mmy), and trenching shows vertical displacements of 0.9 m (rate 0.47 mmy, 1900 year datum) and 2.9 m (0.32 mmy, 9000 year datum). Displacement of tephra beds show at least 1 movement in the last 1900 years.

 Mohaka Horseshoe Bend. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent example of a horseshoe bend on a meandering river

 Mohaka River alluvial terraces. Map: W19; Classification: B3. Significance: A sequence of at least four well defined alluvial terraces recording the various ages of alluvial landforms related to eustatic and tectonic sea level changes.

 Mohaka River Pliocene section. Map: W19; Classification: B2. Significance: Continuous sequence with many rich macrofaunas and microfaunas.

 Mokau Falls. Map: W18; Classification: B2. Significance: Spectacular waterfall over near horizontal bedded Miocene sedimentary rocks. Tourist attraction on Lake Waikaremoana Rd.

 Morere Hot Springs. Map: X19; Classification: C2. Significance: Best hot springs on east coast of North Island.

 Mt Kahuranaki klippe. Map: V22; Classification: B2. Significance: Physiographically and structurally unique in New Zealand.

 Mt Kahuranaki sinkholes: Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: Well known example of sinkholes, in an unusual setting on top of a limestone klippe.

 Mt Miroroa thrust and deformed Plio-Pleistocene fauna. Map: U20; Classification: B3. Significance: An example of northward thrusting in the East Coast deformed belt. Chlamys delicatula fauna demonstrating large transcurrent fault offset and greywacke overthrust.

 Ngaruroro gorge. Map: U21; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the two best gorges in Hawkes Bay. Steep sided convoluted river meanders about 400 m deep through greywacke mountains.

 Ngaruroro River braid channel. Map: V21; Classification: C3. Significance: A 500 m wide gravel river bed with up to six separate channels with a distinctive braid pattern. This river has the best examples in the region.

 Ngatapa Syncline. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: Example of a major drape fold.

 Ocean Beach dune fields, southern Hawkes Bay. Map: W21; Classification: B2. Significance: The most extensive dune fields on the East Coast of the North Island, outside Northland. The last significant wilderness beach landscape in Hawkes Bay.

 Ohara Depression deformed Pliocene fossils. Map: U21; Classification: B3. Significance: Chlamys delicatula fauna demonstrating large transcurrent fault offset.

 Opoutama mud volcano and gas seep. Map: X19; Classification: B1. Significance: One of best examples of a mud volcano on east coast.

 Opoutama salt water and gas seep. Map: X19; Classification: B2. Significance: One of best and most easily accessible examples of natural seeps of saline water and hydrocarbon gas in New Zealand.

 Pakipaki Church. Map: V21; Classification: C2. Significance: Only known building made of limestone in Hawkes Bay.

 Paoanui Point shore platform. Map: V23; Classification: C3. Significance: Extensive and very accessible intertidal mudstone wave-cut platform surface. Good example of a feature common along this stretch of coast.

 Pohokura Anticline. Map: U19; Classification: B3. Significance: Example of fault-propagation fold.

 Ponui landslide and debris dammed lake. Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: Largest local recently debris dammed lake. Landslide was earthquake triggered in 1931, activity in October 1976 caused further activity to form lake.

 Porangahau en echelon sand dunes and cross-cutting strand lines, southern Hawkes Bay. Map: V23; Classification: B2. Significance: A rare cross-cutting relationship of a series of en echelon sand dunes and estuarine strand lines. One of only a few infilled coastal embayments between Hawkes Bay and Cape Palliser. Only significant intact dune system not modified by stabilisation attempts with marram grass.

 Porangahau River mouth barrier system, southern Hawkes Bay. Map: V24; Classification: C3. Significance: Largest barrier system in Hawkes Bay.

 Portland Island tilted Pleistocene marine terrace. Map: X20; Classification: C3. Significance: Well preserved late Pleistocene marine terrace tilted W between the Mahia Syncline and offshore Lachlan Anticline. The only marine terrace preserved as an island - correlates with Clifton Terrace and Table Cape surface on Mahia Peninsula.

 Poukawa pseudo flatiron. Map: V22; Classification: A2. Significance: Only known occurrence in New Zealand.

 Poukawa Stream tilted cutoff meander. Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: ?Mid Otiran meander of the old Poukawa drainage system that became entrenched and cutoff by uplift of the NW limb of the Kaokaoroa Anticline.

 Pourerere Miocene microfossils. Map: V23; Classification: B3. Significance: Horizon with extremely rich, warm-water Waiauan foraminiferal fauna, including youngest larger foraminifera in New Zealand. Outcrop of redeposited fine sandstone, conglomerate and green sandstone.

 Pukehou Stream Cretaceous microfossils. Map: V22; Classification: B3. Significance: Most prolific Haumurian nannofossil and foraminiferal microfauna locality in New Zealand.

 Puketitiri (Mangatutu) Hot Springs. Map: U20; Classification: C2. Significance:

 Red Island tombolo, pillow lava and zeolites. Map: W22; Classification: C2. Significance: Only tombolo along the Southern Hawkes Bay coastline. An excellent example of accreted volcanics at a plate boundary. Well preserved pillow lava sequence. A good example of zeolites as a hydrothermal alteration product of basic lavas.

 Rotopounamu landslide lake, Mahia. Map: Y19; Classification: C2. Significance: Largest, deepest and most accessible of a number of small lakes within landslide debris.

 Ruahine Fault, Broom Hut to Ngaruroro River. Map: U21; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary trace of the Ruahine Fault [Reverse dextral, steep W dipping c.80 degrees].

 Ruahine Fault, West Gorge to Lotkow. Map: U20; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary traces of the Ruahine Fault [Reverse dextral-steep west dipping]. Offset of main terrace surface by 10m RL and 5 m vertical (E side up). Radiocarbon age of buried soils of 500y constrains age of latest fault movement.

 Ruahine Fault, Zig-Zag Saddle. Map: V20; Classification: C3. Significance: Late Quaternary traces of the Ruahine Fault. Vertical offset of 2-3 m (W side up) on a 16-17000 year alluvial terrace.

 Scherings Beach fossil forest. Map: V22; Classification: C2. Significance: Good example of fossil forest

 Shines Falls. Map: V19; Classification: C3. Significance: A 58 m high spectacular falls, the water falling in beautiful veils. The most attractive waterfall in northern Hawkes Bay.

 Silver Range hogback. Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: Best example of many spectacular hogback ridges and cuestas.  Most are limestone, however this hogback is formed by a resistant sandstone layer in an alternating sandstone/mudstone sequence, which is unusual in the region.

 Tangaruhe Stream Cretaceous foraminiferal fossil locality. Map: U24; Classification: B3. Significance: Best preserved and most diverse Ngaterian foraminiferal faunas in New Zealand.

 Tarawera Hot Springs (Hawkes Bay). Map: V19; Classification: C2. Significance:

 Taruarau gorge. Map: U21; Classification: C3. Significance: One of the two best gorges in Hawkes Bay. A steep sided convoluted river meanders about 400 m deep through greywacke mountains.

 Tawanui Wanstead mudstone section. Map: U24; Classification: C3. Significance: A good well exposed late Haumurian-early Paleogene sequence, including a CretaceousPaleocene boundary section. Reference section for Wanstead Formation.

 Te Apiti thrust zones, Waimarama Beach. Map: W22; Classification: B3. Significance: Excellent exposure of a complex, amalgamated thrust zone system.

 Te Awa-Awa synsedimentary slide. Map: W19; Classification: B3. Significance: One of the most spectacular examples of a synsedimentary slide in New Zealand.

 Te Mata Peak hogback. Map: V22; Classification C3. Significance: Impressive and unusually shaped limestone ridge, including popular tourist viewing platform on Te Mata Peak.

 Te Mata Resurgence Cave, northern Urewera Range. Map: W18; Classification: C3. Significance: In undisturbednatural forested catchment.

 Te Onepu Road Pliocene sequence. Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: Excellent Waipipian-Mangapanian sequence with good macrofaunas and Crassostrea bed.

 Te Rakaunuiakura Pliocene fossil Chlamys locality. Map: U21; Classification: C3. Significance: Only known Chlamys delicatula fauna at summit of main divide.

 Te Reinga Cave System, Wairoa. Map: X18; Classification: B2. Significance: Major cave system in ?Pliocene limestone.

 Te Reinga Falls. Map: X18; Classification: C2. Significance: Major waterfall over Pliocene calcareous sandstone and limestone, with abandoned course still easily identified to east. Significant local tourist attraction. Rich Pliocene fossils.

 Te Uri Stream Paleogene holostratotypes. Map: U24; Classification: B2. Significance: Holostratotype of Teurian, Waipawan, Mangaorapan, Heretaungan and Porangan Stages in New Zealand.

 Te Uri Stream Upper CretaceousPaleocene boundary. Map: U24; Classification: B3. Significance: Cretaceous-Paleocene boundary. Type locality for all the Dannevirke Stages, although most (upper Waipawan to Porangan) are not accessable due to stream aggradation.

 Te Waka #1 Cave, Te Pohue. Map: V20; Classification: C2. Significance: Most diverse Pleistocene-Holocene fauna from a cave site in the North Island.  The site is unique in having preserved a continuous and diverse vertebrate fauna from before the last glacial maximum to the present.

 Te Waka complex landside. Map: V20; Classification: C3. Significance: A large complex landslide, including small rockfalls, translational slides and flows, none active.

 The Old Mans Hat islet, Mahia Peninsula. Map: Y19; Classification: C3. Significance: Best example of a classic old hat island on the east coast of the North Island. Easily seen from the public road.

 Tukituki Thrust. Map: U22; Classification: B3. Significance: Exposure of the range boundary fault of the Ruahine Range.

 Upper Moorcock Stream debris flow. Map: U22; Classification: C3. Significance: The deposit from a massive earth movement leading to a glacial-like flow in the Upper Moorcock Stream.

 Waikaremoana landslide. Map: W18; Classification: C3. Significance: Landslide responsible for damming the Waikaretaheke River and forming Lake Waikaremoana. unusual caves and shelters beneath large blocks.

 Waimarama raised marine benches. Map: W22; Classification: C3. Significance: Holocene raised marine platforms with dates of c.1570, 2280, and 2570 years.

 Waipatiki Beach glacio-eustatic sequence. Map: W20; Classification: A3. Significance: This site is important for the preservation of rapid depth changes caused by glacio-eustatic sea level changes.

 Waipawa alluvial terraces. Map: U22; Classification: C3. Significance: Prominant series of up to three alluvial terraces rising 2-5 m at each step. One of the best local examples.

 Waipawa Paleogene microfossils. Map: V22; Classification: B4. Significance: Hypostratotype of Teurian, Waipawan, Mangaorapan and Heretaungan stages in New Zealand. Richly microfossiliferous.

 Waipoapoa landslide. Map: V22; Classification: C3. Significance: A rock block slide indicating the continuing tectonics along East Coast axial belt. Reactivated in the last decade, it comprises a portion of a larger ancient landslide complex but 1976 onset was triggered by a prolonged period of high rainfall on the top of the late Pleistocene landslide.

 Waipukurau fault zone en echelon faulting and folding. Map: V23; Classification: C3. Significance: c.2 km wide NE trending zone of en echelon faulting and folding of 70-1500000 year aggradation surfaces. Compressive folding of up to 10 m net vertical in 2 folds in zone. E facing scarps up to 20 m height with backtilting of the surface.

 Wairoa lagoons. Map: X19; Classification: C3. Significance: A series of five well defined coastal lagoons - the best in Hawkes Bay.

 Watchman Hill Pliocene macrofossils, Napier. Map: V21; Classification: C3. Significance: A diverse Nukumaruan macrofauna.

 Waterfalls Stream drainage development, Motonui. Map: V23; Classification: C3. Significance: Spectacular and unusual morphology where immature streamlets meandering across an elevated Holocene terrace fall into active deeply incising gullies.  Good example of active drainage development.

 Weber calcareous mudstone. Map: U24; Classification: C3. Significance: Well exposed late Eocene-Oligocene calcareous mudstone (gorge section) covers upper Paleogene for Hawkes Bay. Type locality of Weber Formation.

 Wellington Fault, Kumeti Rd. Map: T23; Classification: C3. Significance: Fault movement triggered slumping of Torlesse bedrock, and evidence for repeated faulting in a trench exposure. In the area Torlesse is faulted against moderately steep E dipping Nukumaru limestone in E.

 Whakaari tombolo. Map: V20; Classification: C3. Significance: A large example of a tombolo.

 Whakaki Miocene trace fossils. Map: X19; Classification: C3. Significance: Large spectacular trace fossils; unique in New Zealand. 2 m high, 30 cm diameter vertical trace fossils standing out in eroded face.

 Whakapunake Cuesta karst, Te Reinga/Tiniroto. Map: X18; Classification: C3. Significance: Huge limestone cuesta dominating the topography in this region.  Contains wide variety of karst landforms, mostly protected in native forest reserve.  The area is already protected for its range of significant ecological, cultural and historical values.

 Whangawehi Stream uplifted estuarine sediments. Map: Y19; Classification: C2. Significance: Possibly the best example of an uplifted Holocene estuarine terrace sequence on the east coast of the North Island. Terrace is well formed and the exposed sequence of 8000 BP estuarine sedimentary sequence beneath is moderately well exposed. It documents recent earthquake displacements in the region.