AURORA and SOLAR SECTION
ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of NEW ZEALAND
REPORTS OF AURORA AUSTRALIS SEEN DURING
2002 OCTOBER

All dates and times UTC

Oct 1 NTR* Sky 'queer' all evening.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
            09:50 to 10:20 Greenish glow with red top and almost yellow in the middle. Dark clouds in front of it made it look dramatic. Mainly S to SW, 35° elev.
                (S45.7 E168.5) - Lintley, northern Southland, New Zealand
            10:00 Bright arc visible behind cloud in S.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:00 to 11:26 A wide band of activity az 180° to 310°. A green arc with rays occasionally forming in it.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            10:15 to 13:00 Highest activity around 12:50. Rays to zenith.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            10:40 Noticed glow az 150° to 180° to 15° elev, IBC 1.
                (S41.5 E174.9) - Moera, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            11:00 Rays and rayed band very bright, grey-green, SE to SWW to 70°elev at times. Bright enough to see by.
                (S46.3 E168.3) - Wallacetown, Southland, New Zealand
            11:00 to 12:00 Initial arc broadened and increased in complexity asit transformed into pale green curtains. Rays followed with red tops reaching zenith.
                (S45.7 E168.5) - Lumsden, New Zealand
            11:30 Sky now clearing. Very bright, whitish broad arc, IBC 4 in places. Spectroscope shows line E to W and overhead. Very bright in SE and SW. Red glow above arc from E to W.
            11:45 Similar.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            11:40 to 11:50 TV channel 4 audio distortions, channel 1 very snowy. WWV signals lost at 20 MHz and weak at 15 MHz.
            11:50 to 11:58 Glow az 150° to 220°, 10° elev, IBC 1.
                (S41.5 E174.9) - Moera, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            12:00 to 13:00 Red glow az 150° to 210°, 30° elev with white/pale-green vertical rays coming and going.
                (S41.2 E174.9) - Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            12:15 Rayed arc now covers southern sky almost E to W. Brilliant display.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            12:30 Via radio 'Talk-Back' aurora reports;
                Red/orange display.
                (S46.5 E168.4) - Invercargill, New Zealand
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
                Bright green display.
                (S42.3 E173.7) - Kaikoura, New Zealand
                Also report from
                (S40.9 E175.0) - Kapiti Coast, New Zealand
            12:35 Yellow glow az 160° to 180°, 20° elev, IBC 2.
                (S41.5 E174.9) - Moera, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            12:50 Aurora suddenly appeared in southwestern sky. Red and fluroscent green glow 30° wide, 25° to 30° elev. A straight white ray suddenly appeared 10° from the vertical in western part of glwo. a few minutes later another similar ray appeared in the eastern part lasting a few minutes while the earlier ray faded.
            13:00 Aurora started to fade as stars became visible through it and the hue turned to a darker red. At the same time another glow appeared due S, 20° wide in az and 20° high. This glow also lasted about only 10 minutes but merged with the earlier one as it faded.
            13:10 to 13:30 The display took on the appearance of a dark red hue 50° wide in az. as it faded.
                (S34.0 E150.7) - Silverdale, New South Wales, Australia
            13:00 A dull coronal formed. Structure then began to decay but replaced by flaming.
                (S45.7 E168.5) - Lumsden, New Zealand
            13:00 Green corona directly overhead and extending north to about 50° above the horizon. In S very bright and strong rays within ˝° of each other, bright enough to block out even the very brightest background stars,and extending attimes to the zenith. Flaming every 5 to 10 seconds; some flashes occasionally illuminating the ground alsmost like lightning. Still going at 13:45 but cloud had interfered.
                (S46.1 E168.0) - Otautau, Southland, New Zealand
            13:00 to 13:30 Radio 'talkback' reports; Very intense displays;
                (S46.5 E168.4) - Invercargill, New Zealand
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            13:05 Bright green and orange displays.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            13:08 Yellow glow 150° to 220°, 10° elev, IBC 2. Faint green 'pillars' at az/elev; 160°/30°, 180°/20°, 190°/15°, 200°/20°.
            13:12 Glow unchanged. However, only one 'pillar' IBC 2 at 160°/30°.
                (S41.5 E174.9) - Moera, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            13:13 Bright red/orange dsiplay to SE.
                (S46.1 E170.2) - Taieri Plain, Otago, New Zealand
            13:15 Green glow shifted slightly to left, az 140° to 200°, 20° elev, IBC 2. 'Pillars' IBC 1 at 150°/20°, 170°/45°, 180°/35°, 190°/45°.
            13:20 Short wave fadeout deepens. WWV lost on all but 5 MHz. VNG on 12MHz now affected. Strong wowing and heterodynes. Channel 1 TV picture very snowy with frequent strong heterodynes and loud hissing lasting up to 20 seconds at a time.
            13:30 Green glow az 130° to 200°, 15° elev, IBC 2. 'Pillars' at 130°/20°, 160°/50°, 180°/40°, 185°/45°, 190°/45°.
                (S41.5 E174.9) - Moera, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            13:35 Bright red/orange display to SE and S. 'Best seen in entire lifetime'.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            13:37 Bright green 'haze' seen over southern part of city. 'Very impressive'.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            13:40 Display subsiding.
                (S45.7 E168.5) - Lumsden, New Zealand
                Glow az 140° to 180°, 10° elev, IBC 1. No 'pillars'.
            13:48 Glow az 150° to 180°, 5°, IBC 1. Gradually fading.
            13:55 No aurora.
            14:20 Short wave fadeouts clearing. WWV signals heard on 15 MHz and 20 MHz, slightly weaker on 10 MHz. Channel 1 and 4 TV signals almost back to normal. Channel 1 is more affected than channel 4.
                (S41.5 E174.9) - Moera, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
            14:30 Still activity overhead, with a glow on the horizon and some flaming but cloud cover again forming.
                (S45.9 E168.3) - Winton, Southland, New Zealand
            14:40 Rays and flaming.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            14:45 to 15:00 Mostly cloudy but glow IBC 2 visible through gaps.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            15:40 Clearly defined green rays visible SSE to WSW.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand

Oct 3 08:30 Mostly overcast. Glow on horizon S to SW.
            11:15 Sky now clear. Still faint glow. Faint line in spectroscope.
            14:10 Arc now formed SE to SW, 10° to 15° elev.
            14:45 to 15:00 Arc faded somewhat. Broad rays, though not prominent.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            17:00 Display brightened up again.
                (Met Office)

Oct 4 20:15 to 21:45 Very clear night. Glow clearly visible in S; False Cross on its eastern border and Southern Cross a few degrees above it; 10° elev. White with traces of red in it.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            23:10 Pale pink-red glow that faded after 15 minutes. Impression that just the end of the display was caught.
                (S39.0 E175.5) - Hastings, New Zealand

Oct 7 08:30 Green-white ray in SE extending from hotizon to 50° elev about 1° wide. Occasional 2° patch near SCP seldom lasting longer than a minute.
            09:00 Patch of green-white rays in SW (around Venus and Antares) extending around to S near alpha Cen., starting 15° above horizon and up to 60° elev.
            09:15 Action stopped.
                (S46.0 E168.3) - Lochiel, Southland, New Zealand
            09:10 Three or four short white arcs less than 5° wide above Venus in W lasting about 1 minute after first seeing them. Shortly after they reappeared slightly higher south of Scorpius tail about 60° elev. Gone again by 9:20.
                (S46.5 E168.4) - Invercargill, New Zealand
            10:20 Low arc SE to SW, IBC 2. Glow to 20° elev.
            13:15 Rayed arc now. Good display. Red glow above.
            13:45 to 14:00 Display faded a bit but still similar to 14:15.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Oct 8 NTR Bright green glow in S, to 70° elev all evening.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
            NTR Weak aurora most of the night.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            08:15 to 9:00 Very clear night and glow, off white with red tinge, in S to 15° elev.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            08:40 to 09:00 Glow az 160° to 200°, 10° elev, IBC 2. Varied in brightness over periods of a few minutes. Suggestion of an arc up to 10°.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            08:30 Glow. Line seen in spectroscope.
            09:30 Arc now forming just above horizon.
            11:43 Similar.
            13:45 to 14:00 Even glow SSE to SSW, 20° elev, IBC 2. Brightest in S.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Oct 9 09:30 Glow SE to SW, 15° elev, IBC 1. Confirmed with spectroscope.
            13:45 Glow now fainter.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Oct 14 10:00 Moon 1st quarter. Low arc SE to SW, 10° elev, IBC 2 to 3. Dark sky below arc. Strong line in spectroscope.
            12:30 to 12:45 Arc SE to W breaking up, but higher and brighter. Broad rays. Suspect red glow above.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            13:20 White rayed band S to W. Rays small.
            13:30 Rays due S flickering upward to Southern Cross.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            13:45 to 14:00 Rays more active now. (Spoilt by Moon!)
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:00 Rayed arc. Rays still small although slightly larger in S.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand

Oct 15 NTR Bright white glow in S during evening up to perhaps 45° elev.
            NTR (after 11:00) One ray visible higher than the glow which was now 70° elev. Ray did not last long.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Oct 23 approx. 08:00 to 11:00 Green glows SE and S to about 70° elev.
            14:00 Similar.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Oct 26 09:45 Glow IBC 2. Strong line in spectroscope.
            11:25 No glow, no line.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

* NOTE: NTR = No Time Recorded