AURORA and SOLAR SECTION
ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of NEW ZEALAND
REPORTS OF AURORA AUSTRALIS SEEN DURING
2001 NOVEMBER

All dates and times UTC

Nov 2 approx. 09:00 Green glow in S between hill and cloud, despite Moon.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Nov 4 10:00 White glow in S with a touch of red, 'sharp and clear' to about 7 elev. (level with alpha & beta Centauri).
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand

Nov 6 08:35 Whitish glow S to SSW to 10 to 15 elev.
                (S43.5 E172.3) - Kirwee, Canterbury, New Zealand
                Green glow clearly visible.
                (S42.3 E171.1) - Greymouth, New Zealand
            08:50 Bright aurora beginning.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            09:00 Faint glow.
                (S41.4 E173.2) - Moa Point, Wellington, New Zealand
            09:10 Arc forming.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
                Faint but obvious pale glow through Carina and extending all the way to Scorpius in the W. A few rays became apparent as the sky became fully dark, extending to the zenith in some places.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            09:20 Diffuse green glow in S to 30 elev. Weakly defined arc at about 5 elev. Display 'improving' with possible reddish tinge and some rays.
                (S45.3 E169.4) - Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand
                Faint red glow in W extending perhaps as far up as Mars.
                (S43.8 E171.7) - Ashburton, New Zealand
                Glow to S about 20 to 30 from horizon forming a band that seemed to be in a semicircle around the SCP.
                (S43.6 E172.6 - Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
            09:26 Red glow intensified above the green glow and strong presence of white rays in SW.
                (S42.3 E171.1) - Greymouth, New Zealand
                Faint white glow in S to 10 slowly brightening.
                (S42.6 E171.0) - Hokitika, New Zealand
            09:30 Band (described at 09:20) started pulsating.
                (S43.6 E172.6 - Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
                Same observation.
                (S44.3 E171.3) - Timaru, New Zealand
                Very bright in S. Cloudy elsewhere.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
            09:40 Glow centred about SW extending in azimuth 120 to 240, to 60 elev. Very little structure.
                (S43.5 E172.6) - Prebbleton, Christchurch, New Zealand
            09:45 The sky lit up more with a lot of faint red, and greener closer to the horizon with very visible rays to 30 to 40 elev. For next 1 hours there was mainly faint red and slightly green glow up to about 10 to 15 elev.
                (S41.4 E173.2) - Moa Point, Wellington, New Zealand
            09:45 to 10:00 Widespread glow visible through cloud gaps in S. Spectroscope shows bright line from E to W and overhead. Hint of red through clouds in W.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            09:50 Immediately south of red glow, whitish rays were reaching as far as Sagitarius with a whitish-green glow in background.
                (S43.8 E171.7) - Ashburton, New Zealand
                A red glow started to add to the extreme western edge reaching to az 260 and reaching to about 40 elev. After 10 minutes this faded but ray structure had commenced.
                (S43.5 E172.6) - Prebbleton, Christchurch, New Zealand
            09:55 Rays started developing up to 60 to 75 elev.
                (S43.6 E172.6 - Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
            10:00 'All hell broke loose quite suddenly'; huge vivid green curtains and rays centred on the Southern Cross and 30 either side, in the S. Activity seemed to die away rather rapidly after that and the black skies made a marked contrast to the aurora only a few minutes previously.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
                Display increased SE through S to SW; rays/curtains above auroral arc to 30 elev. Pale green with a faint red tinge to SW.
                (S42.6 E171.0) - Hokitika, New Zealand
                Rays began to show colours. Green up to 20 to 30 (bottom of Southern Cross) and pink/red up to top.
                (S43.6 E172.6 - Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
                Green rays S to WSW from 7 elev above sea horizon to about 70 where they blurred into red to 80 elev. Very active, changing every 10 seconds and reappearing. Lasted about 20 minutes.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            10:03 Faint glow above skyline to S.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:05 Huge display. Curtain of colour lasting a few minutes. Size: 'took up most of my forward vision'. Remaining hour, rays still forming and some colour showing.
                (S43.6 E172.6 - Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
                Colourless rays appeared az 170 to 210 to 40 elev.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:08 Sky clearing in SE. Bright greenish glow on horizon. Red glow above to 45 elev. Broad rays now reaching to zenith.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:09 Colourless rays az 170 to 220 to 45 elev.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:10 White rays nearly reaching the Magellanic Clouds, faded and then later reappeared. General brightening of the southern sky.
                (S43.8 E171.7) - Ashburton, New Zealand
            10:15 Rays now fainter.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:19 Broad ray over Crux up to 15.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:20 Rays at maximum intensity such that the Southern Cross was almost obliterated by one particular ray and then a few minutes later it was clear with a ray either side of it. For about 10 minutes it appeared that some rays would go very bright and then fade away to nothing while the intervening spaces came up to full brightness. Each of the rays that formed did so over their entire length of about 70.
                (S43.5 E172.6) - Prebbleton, Christchurch, New Zealand
                Broad ray over Crux now up to 20.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:24 No rays; only faint glow az 180 to 215 but soon faded. No further activity noted for next hour.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            10:30 Display not very active; still visible but red glow and white rays not as often or vivid.
                (S42.3 E171.1) - Greymouth, New Zealand
                Activity died down with only original glow remaining.
                (S43.5 E172.6) - Prebbleton, Christchurch, New Zealand
            10:30 to 11:30 Display slowly subsided until there was only the glow in the S although quite bright.
                (S42.6 E171.0) - Hokitika, New Zealand
            10:45 to 11:00 approx. Intense white glow about 110 wide in az and up to about 35 elev with five strong rays and a number of weaker ones reaching up to 45 elev. Rays turned pinkish for three minutes at one time.
                (S41.3 E174.8) - Wellington, New Zealand
            11:00 to 13:30 At first, homogeneous greenish glow detectable SSE to SW up to about 30, IBC 2; top and sides obscured by cumulous clouds. Brightened a little as evening progressed. Increasing cloud reduced clear area of sky.
                (S41.5 E147.2) - Norwood, Tasmania, Australia
            12:38 Mostly overcast. Still very bright on horizon in SE.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            13:45 to 14:00 White glow which then turned pink/red in S. IBC 2.
                (S46.9 E168.1) - Half Moon Bay, Stewart Is, New Zealand
                Totally overcast!
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:10 to 16:00 No auroral activity noted. Moon had risen.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
            14:50 Diffuse green glow and weak arc.
                (S45.3 E169.4) - Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand
            15:30 Glow still present in S with faint rays to 30 elev. despite moonlight.
                (S42.6 E171.0) - Hokitika, New Zealand
            16:50 Homogeneous glow; green/white near horizon SE to SW, green to just below pointers and red through Crux to 50 elev. Patch, green lower parts and red upper, in SSW. IBC 2. Fast horizontal movement of rays.
                (S42.9 E147.3) - Lenah Valley (Hobart), Tasmania, Australia

Nov 7 10:50 Faint line in spectroscope SSE to SSW to 10 elev. Sky did not appear completely dark.
            13:45 to 14:00 No aurora, sky dark.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Nov 11 approx. 10:00 White glow between hill and cloud.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Nov 15 No Time Recorded Very big, bright wide circular green and white glow with a dash of yellow at elev. about 80.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Nov 17 13:45 Faint glow SSE to SSW. Single white ray due S to about 15 elev.
            13:55 Similar. Ray still visible.
            14:05 Ray faded. Still faint glow.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Nov 18 approx. 10:00 White glow between hill and cloud in S and large green glow in W.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Nov 24 09:00 Weak white rays.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            09:15 to 10:00 Very light green arc az 140 to 220 to 5 to 10 elev.
                (S42.6 E171.0) - Hokitika, New Zealand
            09:30 to 15:30 SE to W. Green arc, rayed arc with green lower parts and red upper, green-white rayed band, white red and blue rays. Bands were seen to fold and rays moved sideways. Rapid change of lower parts and forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. IBC 3.
                (S42.3 E171.1) - Greymouth, New Zealand
            10:00 to 12:00 Rapidly changing curtains of red above the green arc elevated to 30 to 40 due S. Colour was a light pinkish red to bright red to deep crimson.
                (S42.6 E171.0) - Hokitika, New Zealand
            10:10 to 10:45 Many rays appeared along the southern horizon up to 25 elev. Red was visible at the top with blue white rays amongst it.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            10:18 Large red patches with many bundles of white rays S to SW to over 30 elev. General movement of rays was S to SW. IBC 3.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            10:30 First noticed aurora but obscured by 5/8 cloud.
                (S46.8 E176.6) - Codfish Island, Stewart Island, New Zealand
                Brilliant display! Started as a vivid greeny-yellow arc, then intense red and white rays appeared right across the arc. As the display continued the green arc got higher and higher until it formed folded curtains with intense white/green rays. The display was still going strong at dawn (about 15:00).
                (S42.3 E171.1) - Greymouth, New Zealand
            10:35 Activity became confined to SSW fading to IBC 2.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            10:38 Long white rays in SSW, IBC 2 to 3.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            10:40 White rays fading out in SSW.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            10:50 Weak reddish patches in SSW to about 15 elev. IBC 2.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            10:53 White rays due S extending to over 30 elev. IBC 2 to 3.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            11:00 First suspected glow.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            11:10 Activity picked up again with rays leaning to the east and west.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            11:12 Red patch in SSE in Southern Cross area with white rays to over 30 elev. IBC 3.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            11:25 Some rays shot up to 30 in Pavo.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            11:30 to 11:50 Rays up to 40 elev with strong reds and salmon colours.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            11:40 Definite faint red glow increasing.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            11:53 10 red ray or patch; otherwise still a faint glow.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            11:59 General glow increasing. Faint ray.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:00 Rose coloured glow appeared in S to SW up to about 30 elev. with one or two ray bundles appearing.
                (S35.3 E149.3) - Canberra, Australia
                Lots of red, white and yellow - fantastic!
                (S38 E142) - Bass Strait off Lorne, Victoria, Australia
            12:05 Green arc SSE to WSW to 7 above horizon.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
                General red glow to 30 elev. Low down white glow increased in intensity.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
                Aurora observed.
                (S33.6 E148.8) - Canowindra, NSW, Australia
            12:08 Very strong white/faint orange glow to 12. The red glow above this fading.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:10 Red patches in SSE up to 26 elev. IBC 3 to 4. Bundles of vertical white rays to over 40 elev IBC 3 to 4.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
                Drove to dark area. Rose colour persisted but the 'curtains' now became two or three white columns with striations.
                (S35.3 E149.3) - Canberra, Australia
            12:11 Lower glow now white/pale green and scintillating strongly. Would have been easily visible even in full moonlight.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:12 Strong red glow and patches to 30 started. [1st 'eruption' observed.]
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:15 Greenish glow became very prominent from SSE through to SW up to over 20 elev. IBC 3 to 4. Mixed with white rays extending to over 40 elev.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
                Soft red glow in SW to 25 elev with white ray on eastern edge. Gradually drifted from SW to S. White ray then faded and reappeared several times.
                (S35 E150) - Jervis Bay, Australia
            12:18 to 12:21 Strong red patches to 35 to 40 elev. with a few rays. Lower glow now more 'normal' - not as strong and a faint white/red.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:23 Red patches not now as strong but 10 to 20 to the west the rays up to 45 or more. Lower glow on horizon just visible.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:25 More red patches az 150 to 210 reappearing and disappearing. After two minutes, fainter, down to 35 elev., and no rays.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:30 Aurora slowly fading.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
                White corona gave the impression of creating a huge dome. Brightest in E and W forming an arc directly overhead and halfway down into the N sky. S sky mostly just bright glow with less definition except for two prominent white rays.
                (S46.8 E176.6) - Codfish Island, Stewart Island, New Zealand
            12:33 Patches fainter, fewer and lower; only 25 elev. Over next 24 minutes decline continued. Only occasional patches; fainter but deeper red. A stronger red glow low in SW. Occasional faint rays in S.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            12:35 Picket fence effect was seen.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            12:57 Stronger red patches to 25 elev generally: to 30 in S, continually forming and decaying in various places. [2nd 'eruption'; not as strong as 1st at 12:12 but with more mainly red rays.]
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            13:00 Full coronal storm. Highly dynamic with rapidly varying green and red arcs and beams and lots of explosive pulsations of light. At its peak the auroral colour was clearly visible close to the quarter moon. Activity extended well pass the zenith and into the northern sky.
                (S45.2 E168.5) - Kingston, New Zealand
            13:10 Arc died down but this was the start of rays going beyond zenith by nearly 20. Rays coming and going all the time; mainly white with some red involved.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            13:14 General red glow still not very strong except low down but expanded to 45 elev. No rays.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            13:23 Variable red glow a little brighter to 30 and some faint rays. General decline over next hour.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            13:40 Bright glow E to W. Broad rays past zenith but no corona. Rays over most of display. Little movement but rays fade in and out. Spectroscope shows very bright line in S and shows line over entire sky.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            13:50 Similar.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            13:57 Slight increase in patches and faint rays to 20 elev. for five minutes, and then continued to further decline.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            14:00 Similar to 13:50.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:10 Brightest now in SW. Hint of red in W but mostly yellows, greenish, and white. Rays rippled and some flaming - light patches flashing from horizon to zenith in about one second. Quite active now.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:25 Brilliant searchlight like beam lasting a few minutes and reaching 60 with a base 5 wide.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            14:30 Low arc on horizon SE to SW. Red glow in W. Single narrow ray due S reaches past zenith. Fainter broad rays over most of display. Flashes due E to zenith.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:35 Arc very bright and rising. Display now brightest since 13:40.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:40 Arc now SE to SW extending to 45 elev. Rapid pulsing to zenith and beyond. Brilliant rays to zenith and arc, breaking up into curtains - rare from here. Beautiful red in W. Display now E to W and covers southern sky.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
                Glow brightened low down to 10 elev and a red glow to 25 and faint ray.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            14:50 Still at peak of activity. Rays to zenith. Arc still to 45 elev. Still flaming.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
                Low glow fainter still but higher red glow brightened and occasional small rays centred at az 170, to 20 to 25 elev.and then declined after five minutes. [3rd 'eruption' comparatively small.]
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia
            15:00 Rays from E to W still reaching past zenith. Many colours; brightest at E and W ends of arc. Still flaming to zenith. (Did not see a corona at any time between 13:40 and 15:00.)
                ;(S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
                Start of twilight with rays still going past the zenith.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            15:00 to 15:45 White glow and rays reaching past the zenith and forming a corona.
                (S46.5 E168.4) - Invercargill, New Zealand
            15:10 to 15:45 Faint red glow continued to decline until only just visible.
                (S33.1 E134.3) - Kalka, South Australia, Australia

Nov 25 14:45 Bright white sky in S. Cloudy elsewhere.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Nov 27 10:00 Hazy rays of pinkish light IBC 2. Still visible 15 minutes later when observer moved to another position out of view.
                (S45.4 E167.1) - Deep Cove, Fiordland, New Zealand

Nov 30 13:30 Very bright white and green in SE and S.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand