AURORA and SOLAR SECTION
ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of NEW ZEALAND
REPORTS OF AURORA AUSTRALIS SEEN DURING
2001 MARCH

All dates and times UTC

Mar 3 10:00 Deep pink, green and some yellow and white rays. Not high but white rays the highest. Slow movement. After 10 minutes only a glow was left to 70 elev. After awhile this too faded.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
            12:45 Glow SE to SW to elev 10. IBC 1. Confirmed with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Mar 18 08:12 to 09:50 While watching out for Mir noticed a white glow in the south to elev 8.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand

Mar 19 12:30 Glow SE to SW to 10 elev. IBC 1. Confirmed with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            13:15 Spotted glow az 160 to 210, to elev 15. Slightly brighter than Milky Way. A few distinct rays which within 2 to 3 s appeared, moved and then disappeared.
            13:50 Moon rose; aurora more difficult to see.
            14:09 Aurora not visible in moonlight.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            14:00 to 15:00 White rayed arc with pulsating, flickering and flaming forms. IBC 2.
                (S46.9 E168.1) - Horseshoe Bay, Stewart Is, New Zealand
            14:45 to 15:00 Glow still detectable with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            16:30 The aurora stretched 1/3 across the sky and so bright that it reflected on the cow shed. The colours were green and red. It moved like someone waving a coloured towel in the air. It lasted about 15 minutes and then started to fade. At 16:55 the fog came in and blocked it out.
                (S46.0 E168.4) - Benmore - Otapiri, Southland, New Zealand

Mar 20 07:45 Mostly white rays up to zenith. Glow mostly green, white and deep pink. Died down later in the evening.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
                Noticed rays shooting up towards the zenith, butno higher than L.M.C. and Achernar. Reds and light-greens in lower regions. Sideways movement of rays particularly in the SE. Glow in S was light-green.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
                At dusk spotted bright glow even before twilight has disappeared. Several strong rays stretched up to 40 to 50 above southern horizon. Later the glow appeared green at the base and rays were red.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            07:45 to 08:30 Faint blue-white rays from south around to almost west to 30 to 35. The rays sat on a faint colourless glow. the rays came and went in a matter of tens of seconds. The SW rays were angled 15 to the north.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            07:50 Straight rays almost to the zenith. Not much colour yet.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            08:05 to 08:30 First noticed a ray angling away tothe east from due south. Further to SW larger more vertical rays, mainly blue/white reached up to the SMC (elev 35). The activity dropped dramatically at the end of this time but a glow persisted along the soutern horizon.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            08:08 Pinky-brown glow turned milky white. Az 170 to 195, 25 elev in south.
                (S39.4 E173.8) - Opunake, Taranaki, New Zealand
            08:10 to 08:30 Faint white rays with a blue tint reached up to SMC and Achernar (elev 35) at best. Mainly in SW. Fainter glows were noticed almost W as well. Rays were coming and going over 20 s period. The rays had faded away by 08:30.
                (S40.5 E175.5) - Tokomaru, Manawatu, New Zealand
                Ray bundles from S to SW. Some were up to the SMC and Achernar. The top parts were white with a blue tinge. Rays came and went in 30 s bursts. Activity over by 08:30.
                (S40.4 E175.5) - Kairanga, Manawatu, New Zealand
            08:15 to 08:30 Faint blue/white rays from south fo WSW. The biggest reached up to Achernar. Rays slowly faded to be replaced by others. Allover by 08:30.
                (S40.2 E175.5) - Feilding, Manawatu, New Zealand
            08:20 to 09:45 Ray activity receded and only glow left.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            08:25 to 08:50 Caught the end of the first bit of activity as the last rays faded in the SW. A glow remained thoughout but there was no more rays at the time.
                (S40.4 E175.6) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            08:40 to 10:00 Aurora az 120 to 260. Three very bright patches at one stage. Faint red rays at az 260 sloping about 25 from vertical towards the north; elev 70.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            08:45 Aurora SE to S. Started as a bright glow above cloud line and developed into a reasonably intense rayed arc that spanned 10 to 15. Very bright green.
                (S46 E170) - Otago-Southland flying at 4000 ft, New Zealand
            09:00 to 09:30 More rays in the SW this time with a tinge of red to them. The largest reached to elev 30, but the rest to mainly 20. Once again a few fainter ones were seen due west for awhile. Activity died down again and a glow remained along the horizon.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
            09:05 to 09:30 Another burst of activity mainly in the SW. the first ray that angled away towards the W then curled back to the E not unlike the dust tail on a comet, raching anelev of 30; the rest were no more than 20. the rays in this area had a noticeable red tinge in their upper parts, although their base remained colourless. the final burst of activity wasconfined to az 235. A glow remained along the horizon for the next 3 hours.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand
                Rays in the SW covering 60 of azimuth and the biggest up to 30. Red was noticeable this time, around the blue/white rays. Some faint rays were just picked up at due west. A glow remained in the SW after the rays faded.
                (S40.4 E175.5) - Kairanga, Manawatu, New Zealand
            09:00 Arc SE to W, IBC 3. Three rays in SW to elev 60.
            09:05 Rays active in SE and S. Bright ray in W.
            09:07 Good display now.
            09:10 Brighter.
            09:15 Rays faded. Arc similar as before.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            09:10 - 09:30 More rays this time further SW with a red tinge around the blue/white parts. The further west the rays were the more they tipped over to the west. Rays were coming and going over 30 s periods. Died down around 09:30.
                (S40.2 E175.5) - Feilding, Manawatu, New Zealand
            09:00 to 10:00 More rays in the SW that were sharply defined on the western edge and had a touch of red to them. The highest were 30 but most were 15 to 20. A glow remained along S horizon from 09:30 to 10:00.
                (S40.5 E175.5) - Tokomaru, Manawatu, New Zealand
            09:45 to 10:15 Picked up weak ray activity from Phoenix to Eridanus to elev 10. A few individual rays lasting up to 30 s sprang up in this area. thre was no colour.
                (S40.4 E175.6) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            10:40 Patch spotted between Canopus and the LMC covering an area larger than LMC; perhaps as big as bright stars of Orion. I originally thought it was cloud lit up the aurora! Below it were small thin rays which started half way between the patch and the horizon and extended towardsthe patch. they sometimes appeared red and quickly evolved within seconds. Almost directly due west was a strong, bright, broad ray or rays which brightly stood out from thehorizon some 15 elev. Most of themain aurora wasbright and remaineddown to the S-SW withlots of fine structure within the glow. Green incolour. As we watched the patch was observed to move higher in the sky to above Canopusand to slowly drift westward varying in brightness and size tillnearing the top of the bright ray to the west.
            11:10 Aurora still visible as a glow to south with a few rays to the west just faintly visible.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            11:15 to 11:35 White/bluehorizontal arc beneath Achernar extending to elev 15. At 11:20 there was a noticeable inclined pinkish white vertical beam in SE to elev 40. This flared and split into two beams at around 11:25.
                (S43.4 E172.0) - Waddington, Canterbury, New Zealand
            11:40 to 11:45 Bright arc almost E to W, IBC 4. No rays or movement at this time.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            11:39 Aurora a hazy glow 10 above S horizon.
            11:50Aurora a bit more active with the return of rays in SW.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            11:55 to 12:30 White glow in S. Brightness increasing gradually during this period. Small patches pulsated slowly throughout general glow area.
                (S46.8 E176.6) - Codfish Island, Stewart Island, New Zealand
            14:00 to 14:10 Brilliant display. Rays and pulses of light alongmost of display. Hint ofred above 45 elev in S.
            14:45 tp 15:00 Display fading now but still flashes of light and faint rays.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:45 to 15:10 Ray activity centred on south and covering 50 azimuth and up to 20 elev. These rays were fainter than earlier with no colour.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Glen Oroua, Manawatu, New Zealand

Mar 21 approx. 10:00 Green glow above hill through light cloud.
            approx. 14:00 White band seen through light cloud in S.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Mar 22 07:45 to 09:30 Fairly strong white glow to elev 10; highest point alpha Tuc. Ceased observing.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand

Mar 23 approx. 09:00 to approx. 13:00 A strong glow to elev 10 visible SE to SW for most of night. Confirmed by a 2 minute photographic exposure. Extremely faint detail discernible by averted vision around 12:30.
                (S41.1 E175.6) - Ahiaruhe, Wairarapa, New Zealand
            09:30 Aurora first spotted.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            09:50 IBC 1 glow SE to SW to about 15 elev. Confirmed with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:30 Became quite active over southern horizon. Lots of rays seen but no colour discernable to elev 15 to 20. the rays moved quickly and changing in the order of a few seconds. A little later the rays to the SW took on a pink/red colour for a short time.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            12:00 Similar to 09:50.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            13:00 A faint glow visible right on horizon.
            14:00No aurora visible.
            14:30 Aurora returns with rays to 15 elev. No real colour discernable.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            14:45 to 15:00 Glow with faint rays in SE and S.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Mar 24 07:20 to 07:35 A burst of slightly red rays az 165 to 195 to 15 elev. Twilight was still fading in the west.
            08:50 to 09:10 Another burst of rays in the SW for 10 minutes followed by a strong glow.
            09:10 to 12:30 A weaker glow remained along horizon SSE to WSW.
                (S41.1 E175.6) - Ahiaruhe, Wairarapa, New Zealand
            09:15 Faint glow in S confirmed with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:20 Glow az 150 to 230, elev 10. IBC 1, similar brightness to Milky Way.
            10:35 Similar brightness between az 160 and 200. Much fainter elsewhere.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            14:45 to 15:00 Glow SSE to SSW to 10 elev a little brighter. IBC 1.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Mar 27 09:30 Faint glow SSE to SSW on horizon confirmed with spectroscope.
            12:00 No aurora.
            15:00 No aurora.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Mar 28 08:00 No sign of auroral activity.
            08:30 White glow with shade of green to 10 elev.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            08:45 Green glow SSE to S to 25 elev with faint rays. further to SE above the green glow was a fainter red/pink glow.
                (S46 E170) - Otago-Southland flying at 4000 ft, New Zealand
            08:50 Glow SE to SW to 15 elev.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            09:00 Scene of activity with reddish rays and reddish band SE to SW to 10 elev above the glow.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            09:05 Low arc IBC 1 to 2.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            09:30 Activity tapered off leaving just a glow.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
                Glow visible even in twilight.
            10:15 Green-white homogeneous glow SSE to SSW to 20 elev.
            10:45 Activity surged in SE and SW. A red patch appeared in SE at elev 10 to 25 was prominent for less than 2 minutes before fading. Meanwhile in the SW a bright yellowish-green patch became visible for a few minutes before it, too, subsided. During the next hour the aurora gradually faded to below IBC 1. It was not observed to reappear throughout the rest of the night.
                (S42.3 E147.2) - Longford, Tasmania, Australia
            11:25 Moderate glow S to 10 elev with hints of rays starting.
            11:35 Several rays now visible including prominent 'searchlight' to 20 at az 165.
            11:40 Glow extends az 160 to 210 with brighter broad patch due S at 20 elev.
            11:50 Glow the same but now two bunches of rays; one at az 160 to 190 and the other 210 and 230. The first of these faded within two minutes.
            12:05 Last observation from hills: Faint glow to 10 elev but with bright patch az 180 to 200 also to 10 elev.
                (S43.6 E172.6 - Cashmere Hills, Christchurch, New Zealand
            12:00 to 12:15 Arc now SE to nearly W to elev 25. IBC 2 to 3.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            12:25 Hints of ray activity to 20 elev even above light pollution but both LMC and SMC clearly visible.
                (S43.5 E172.6) - Christchurch, New Zealand
            13:40 Mostly overcast but glow visible through gaps.
            14:45 to 15:00 Similar.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            15:00 Glow to S.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand

Mar 30 09:30 to 14:00 A glow built up to elev 10 SE to SW, peaking at about 12:00. It was gone by 14:00.
                (S41.1 E175.6) - Ahiaruhe, Wairarapa, New Zealand
            14:45 to 15:00 No glow seen before midnight. Faint glow SSE to SSW to elev 10. Confirmed with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Mar 31 See separate file 01mar31.htm.