AURORA and SOLAR SECTION
ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of NEW ZEALAND
REPORTS OF AURORA AUSTRALIS SEEN DURING
1999 FEBRUARY

All dates and times UTC

Feb 7 10:00 Glow with reddish tinge to it. SE to cloud in SSW. Elev to 40. IBC 1.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand

Feb 10 Late evening & 14:00 Bright white glows S with tinges of green. Squid boats not there then.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Feb 15 10:30 - 10:45 Clear, sharp, green glow.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand

Feb 17 10:00 - 12:00 Fairly bright glow low in south with occasional wide bright rays.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand
            13:45 White glow SE to SW, IBC 1. No rays or activity. Confirmed with spectroscope.
            14:10 Brightest low on horizon. Could be an arc forming. Greenish to white.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Feb 18 Evening Predominantly white up to and just past the zenith. Orange, yellow, green, blue, purple and pink colours also seen. Rayed arc seen at times and a band. Pulsations, flaming, folding of bands, ocassionally the rays moved sideways and forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. E through S to W. IBC 4. Dunedin observer possibly saw a corona.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            09:00 - 09:30 Predominantly orange and brownish with slight tint of green 'waves of bands and surges' over a width in az of about 40 to elev 20.
                (S39.4 E173.8) - Opunake, Taranaki, New Zealand
            09:00 First noticed glow during Mir pass. Still twilight. Later when dark, the aurora seemed to block out 1st and 2nd mag stars at times. Aurora mostly pale green-white although at one point part of it was pale red.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Invercargill, New Zealand
            09:00 Quiet horizontal arc SE to SW to 15 elev in S.
                (S43.4 E172.0) - Waddington, Canterbury, New Zealand
                Green glow towards southern horizon and hazey purple rays almost overhead.
                (S45.6 E170.7) - Palmerston, East Otago, New Zealand
            09:00 - 10:30 Display reported.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Heriot, West Otago, New Zealand
            09:15 - 11:00 Watched aurora.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Invercargill, New Zealand
            09:15 - 12:00 Green glow, then formed pillars extending to about 60 elev. After a while a pinkish tinge appeared. It then subsided to a green glow.
                (S45.7 E168.5) - Lumsden, New Zealand
            09:20 Rays extended upwards to virtually overhead. Very bright and active to SE. Probably at its most active.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            09:25 Noticed a strong glow along southern horizon.
            09:30 Listening to the short wave bands around 12 MHz when a sudden 'roar' and fast flutter affected many stations. Frequencies down to 1.3 MHz were affected.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
                Strong, angled ray had shot up to the Southern Cross along the length of the Milky Way and brighter than the MW in that area. Whole display reached up to 40 elev.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
                Quite bright glow SSE through S to just N of W. Rays occasionally extending to 45 elev.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
                Red rays moving near E to almost overhead, but not bright nor easy to pick up. Bright green rays from almost due S; again sometimes to almost overhead and variations in the intensity of the background glow of green.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
                Stong ray running up the Milky Way to Crux, visiblefrom home in the centre of the city.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            09:30 - 10:00 White rayed arc changing to a rayed band SE to SW. the band was seen to fold. IBC 2.
                (S40.5 E175.3) - Foxton, New Zealand
                (S40.8 E175.1) - Otaki, New Zealand
                (S40.7 E175.3) - Ohau, North Island, New Zealand
                White glow and rays in SW. Forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. Visible in light-polluted sky.
                (S39.3 E177.5) - Bayview, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand
            09:30 - 10:10 Peak between these times. Aurora spread over 70 in az in S and SW to 40 elev.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
                Very bright, ranging from nearly SE to SW (120 in extent). Rays and glow in SE. Glow and very large ray (elev 80) in S. Small rays and glow to SW. Continued watching. Glow green, bands above the green were red. Rays moved and while some faded, others brightened. IBC 3.
                (S44.3 E171.3) - Timaru, New Zealand
            09:30 - 10:15 Started with white glow in SE. Whitish-green rays tinged with red grew out of the glow and intensified rapidly, changing in tens of seconds.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            09:40 More rays up to 40 elev. due S.
                (S40.4 E175.6) - Manawatu Observatory, Palmerston North, NZ
                Ray bundles appearing due S.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            09:40 - 9:55 Pinkish and greenish vertical rays, rising to about 25 above the horizon and as far E as alpha Centauri. (Western view blocked by hills.) The colours kept shifting. Faded at end of this observing period.
                (S41.3 E174.8) - Wellington, New Zealand
            09:40 - 10:00 Greenish-yellow glow SE to SW with rays reaching to about 70 elev. Reddish glow to SW. Vague arc to S reaching to about 7.
                (S45.3 E169.4) - Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand
            09:40 - 10:10 Bright glow along southern horizon with lots of rays stretching some 40 above the horizon at times and persisting for perhaps a few minutes at most. to the E the rays showed a hint of red and the base of the aurora showed a slight green colour. The aurora showed signs of patches in the upper reaches of the auroral form and a near rippling pattern. the aurora then intensified with rays stretching up to the LMC some 60 elev and turning red in the upper half. The base of the aurora showed a strong green colour. this activity continued for quite some time. Started to quieten down at the end of this observing period.
                (S43.5 E172.5) - West Melton, Canterbury, New Zealand
            09:45 Peaked with rayed band to elev. 40 that folded before fading in SW by 10:15. Rays red. IBC 3. Forms faded quickly to be replaced by others.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
                Brightest section of display. A rayed band,white but tinged with red. Activity had died down by 10:15.
                (S40.4 E175.6) - Manawatu Observatory, Palmerston North, NZ
                Strongest part of the display had a rayed band, mainly white, IBC 3. The base of the display covered 70 in az. and was a greeny/yellow colour.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            09:46 Particularly bright and colourful (yellow, green and pink). Many vertical rays. No rapid activity. This seemed to be maximum phase.
            09:50 Intensity shifted to the SW, with ray bundles in a rayed arc being prominent, IBC 2.
            09:54 Slight increase in the activity in the SE and S, IBC 1.
            10:00 - 10:15 Rays in the SW fading from IBC 1 to IBC 0.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            09:50 - 10:15 White rays S to SW to about 20 elev. Most of the activity was in the SW. Lower parts of the rays were opaque with reddish patches. Brightness varied but were at least as bright as the Magellanic Clouds most of the time. Significant structural changes occured each minute.
                (S41.0 E175.0) - Raumati Beach, New Zealand
            10:00 - 12:15 Quiet horizontal arc SE to SW. Ceased observing.
                (S43.4 E172.0) - Waddington, Canterbury, New Zealand
            10:00 Light green-yellow glow at az 100 to the cloud in SW, elev 40 in S. Rays from az 100 to 180 to 40 elev. 4/8 cloud.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
                First noticed big display in progress. Glow E to W, IBC 3, to 50 or 60 in S. Faint broad rays to zenith along glow. Pinkish on top of the glow. One bright ray stationary from just S of E, slanting past zenith. Well formed with sharp edges. Faded after a few minutes, but no movement.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:04 The reddish glow has faded. One ray almost due E and reaching to about 60 elev and passing just S of Corvus, and then drifting into Corvus.
                (S45.3 E169.4) - Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand
            10:05 Rays gone. Glow still as before. 4/8 cloud.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            10:11 Pulsations were observed. It was quite awesome with bright patches appearing and fading like the shields being hit on Star Trek.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Invercargill, New Zealand
            10:13 Ray extends from W to N of zenith passing through the centre of Canis Major and appearing to connect with the earlier mentioned ray in the E. At this time a definite greenish but short lived arc to S.
                (S45.3 E169.4) - Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand
            10:15 Activity had decreased but still a bright glow with some rays SE, S and SW. Extremely bright ray in the W split into two rays with dark strip in between. Faded to absolutely nothing and returned several times.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
                Rapid flashes to 13 elev. My best description would be like a car's headlights shining on thin fog while negotiating a winding road on the other side of a hill. Most of the flashes had a rapid E -> W motion and persisted for about half an hour.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
                Brightened in SSE in a patch 20 wide with suggestion of green rays. Faded after 2 or 3 minutes. Flaming began in S to 40 elev. 4/8 cloud.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            10:15 - 11:25 General glow gradually faded away.
                (S40.3 E175.4) - Palmerston North, New Zealand
            10:20Sky to the south was brighter than the sky to the east. Cloudy rest of the night.
                (S41.3 E173.3) - Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand
                Bright curtain extending right up to the Southern Cross and Pointers.
                (S41.1 E176.1) - Riversdale Beach, New Zealand
                Display fading and now 6/8 cloud.
                (S45.3 E169.4) - Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand
                Still flaming. Meteor falls through glow and seen through thin cloud. Mostly cloudy W of S. Flaming ceased 2 minutes later.
            10:24 Glow brightened to IBC 4 in SSE emerald green. Broad rays. Flaming to 50 elev in SSE 20 wide.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            10:25 Bright ray again from west and also one from east met overhead at Milky Way.
            10:30 Some flaming off glow to south.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
                Green rayed band gradually brightened over 2 minutes in SE to S to 20 elev. Still complete cloud cover W of S.
            10:35 Became very bright green IBC 4 around the S. Glow seen through thin cloud to SSW. Cloud too thick W of that. Rays were diffuse. Cloud makes it difficult to tell whether there is a band or even just an arc there.
            10:40 Rays still present though diffuse. Glow fainter now: IBC 3.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
                Double arc, IBC 4. Few rays now.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:45 Cloud thinning and glow visible to SW. Elev 50 in SSW. Rays faintly visible az 100 - 180.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
                Bright green glow. Ceased observing.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            10:30 - 11:30 Fluttering radio reception in amateur bands heard. Glow; green along bottom then red with purple upper parts. Bright enough to read headlines on newspaper. SMC obscured but LMC. White rays visible. Curtain at times; 2 to 3 at one time.
                (S43.5 E171.8) - Rakaia Gorge, Canterbury, New Zealand
            10:50 Intense glow SE to SSW, 40 elev.
                (S44.9 E168.9) - Arrowtown, Otago, New Zealand
            11:00 Still quite a bright patch. Ceased observing.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Invercargill, New Zealand
            11:15 Fading quickly.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            11:20 Glow in S.
                (S35.1 E138.5) - Morphett Vale, South Australia, Australia
            12:30 Southern glow and faint vertical rays fading in and out.
                (S34.9 E138.9) - Lobethal, South Australia, Australia
                Considerable cloud but sky was glowing cyan/grey with the clouds heavily silhouetted against the glow. Rayed band; some rays reaching 25 elev an hour later.
                (S35.0 E138 ) - Myponga, South Australia
            13:00 The aurora picked up again with a number of rays and a general brightening.
                (S43.5 E172.5) - West Melton, Canterbury, New Zealand
            13:18 - 13:35 Aurora going well in the W only. Only glows in the S and just a little in the E.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
            13:45 Sky mostly overcast. Bright glow along horizon.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
                Brief increase in activity with rays.
                (S35.0 E138 ) - Myponga, South Australia
            14:15 Sky mostly overcast. Bright glow along horizon.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:48 Brief increase in activity with rays.
            15:10 Glow finally died down.
            16:05 Total cloud cover in south.
                (S35.0 E138 ) - Myponga, South Australia

Feb 19 09:35 Twilight dark enough to show a white green glow S - SW in 3 wide (elev) cloud gap near horizon. Diffuse rays just discernable. IBC 3.
            09:36 Numerous rays suddenly sharpened S to SSW, IBC 4. Lasted about minute.
            09:37 Rays gone. Glow fainter, IBC 3.
            09:40 - 09:45 Glow only IBC 3. Ceased observing.
                (S46.4 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            12:00 Wide spread glow, SE to SW, IBC 3. No rays.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            12:30 Faint glow behind sparse cloud.
            12:40 Faint vertical rays and intermittent faint rays with some staying for a minute or so and others fading within seconds.
                (S35.0 E138 ) - Myponga, South Australia
            12:45 Bright but reasonably localised green glow to S. Flaming and rippling off the top.
            13:05 Activity continuing. Ceased observing.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand
            13:25 Cyan faint glow with cloud across much of the viewing area.
                (S35.0 E138 ) - Myponga, South Australia
            13:45 Bright arc on horizon SE to SW. Low. IBC 4. No rays.
            14:15 Arc SSE to SSW faded a lot. No activity.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            14:20 Couple of faint beams reasonable height.
            14:32 Faint vertical ray reaching up to SMC at around 25.
            15:30 No glow.
                (S35.0 E138 ) - Myponga, South Australia