AURORA and SOLAR SECTION
ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of NEW ZEALAND
REPORTS OF AURORA AUSTRALIS SEEN DURING
1998 JULY

All dates and times UTC

Jul 4                 Few lazy rays.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Jul 7 06:05 to 06:20 A band of red up to about 15 in south-east with green and yellow at the base. The red was pulsing in rays.
                (S39.9 E175.0) - Wanganui, New Zealand
            06:15 Similar but more to the south.
                (S40.5 E175.2) - Foxton Beach, New Zealand

Jul 8                 Very bright pink glow through cloud south-east through south to west.
            14:00 Now green.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Jul 11 10:00 Green, pink and white glow behind thin cloud in south and south-east.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Jul 16 08:00 to 14:00 Pale green/yellow arc SE to SW. At maximum, arc base at elev. 15 and top 25. After 12:00 the arc was seen to break into two layers one above the other.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            08:00 Extensive glow across the southern horizon with various searchlight effects and things that looked like "illuminated castles" close to the sea.
                (S46.5 E169.5) - Tautuku, South Otago, New Zealand
            08:30 A white aurora seen.
                (S45.7 E168.5) - Lumsden, New Zealand
            08:35 Light green arc IBC 3, az 130 to 250, elev 10. Less intense glow below arc but over the next 10 minutes the brightness of the glow slowly varied so that at times the arc was almost swamped with the light.
            08:50 Arc gone. Glow fainter.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            10:00 First noticed glow in south.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Heriot, West Otago, New Zealand
            10:00 Glow and one white patch.
            11:00 Rays started shooting up but not fast. One white ray shot up to about elev 70. Lots of green and white, and small pink rays.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
            11:04 Broad greenish-white diffuse glow az 165 to 220, elev 15. Several rays visible on eastern end of display reaching to 24. Three rays each of 1 width were developing at az 200, 205 and 210 to 40 elev.
                (S46.1 E168.9) - Gore, Southland, New Zealand
            10:30 to 11:30 Rays from time to time.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Heriot, West Otago, New Zealand
            11:45 Glow up to about 15, SSE to WSW, IBC 2 to 3. Some patches in glow.
                (S44.2 E169.7) - Mt St Mary, McKenzie Country, New Zealand
            12:00 Activity reduced somewhat. Just glows in the south and not so high.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
                Glow still visible.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Heriot, West Otago, New Zealand
            12:30 Aurora "going in all directions".
                (S46.1 E169.1) - Kaitangata, South Otago, New Zealand
            13:00 Bright white glow in south, with a small patch. A few rays.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
                Glow IBC 2 SE to SW, to 10 elev. Hint of arc. Greenish.
            13:30 Glow fainter. Confirmed with spectroscope.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand
            18:30 approx. Before twilight, light cloud and very deep pink through the cloud E, S and W.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Jul 17 10:00 Little bright white glow through light cloud in south.
            14:00 approx. Smaller but more green.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand

Jul 18 07:30 to 12:00 Noticeable glow SE to SW to 5 elev.
                (S41.0 E175.5) - Carterton, New Zealand
            08:30 No aurora seen.
            09:00 Aurora with rays heading upwards.
            15:30 to 15:45 Glow to 25 elev.
                (S45.1 E171.0) - Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand

Jul 23 06:45 to 07:00 Definite glow across southern horizon to 10 elev. WWV on 5 MHz very warbly.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            07:15 Green and white folding band. Rapid change of shape in lower parts. Forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. Bright enough to blot out the faintest stars. In south-west.
                (S77.9 E166.8) - McMurdo St'n to Scott Base road, Antarctica
            14:00 Glow in south 60 in width and to 10 elev. Hint of red colouring.
            14:30 Rays appeared stretching to 15 or 20 in elev. and lasting about 10 s.
            15:00 Activity faded but still a glow in south brighter than Milky Way.
                (S44.0 E170.5) - Tekapo, Canterbury, New Zealand

Jul 24 10:00 to 10:30 Purple glow. Green and white patches, rays, corona, rayed arc and rayed band. Some of the bands were pulsating at times and were folding. Lower parts changed rapidly. Forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. Flickering. Varying intensities but the brightest was bright enough to blot out all but the brightest stars. It filled half the eastern sky from north through to south.
                (S77.9 E166.8) - McMurdo St'n to Scott Base road, Antarctica
            21:00 Green arc. Shape fairly stable bright enough to blot out faintest stars.
                (S77.9 E166.8) - Scott Base, Antarctica

Jul 25 10:00 to 13:00 Green and white glow, rays, rayed arc and band in the SE sky. The glow was pulsating, bands folding and the rays moved sideways. Forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. Varying intensity; the brightest blotted out all but the brightest stars.
                (S77.8 E166.7) - "Silver City", Ross Island, Antarctica

Jul 30 04:20 Green rays, arc and band. Forms faded quickly to be replaced by others. Bright enough to blot out all but the brightest stars.
                (S77.8 E166.7) - Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica
            14:45 Overcast but bright glow low along southern horizon. Difficult to be sure if it was an aurora.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Edievale, West Otago, New Zealand

Jul 31 07:00 Glow IBC 2, az 140 to 220, elev. 10.
            0710 Glow dropped to elev. 6 and shifted 10 eastward. Beginning of an arc from eastward end for 20 following curve of earlier glow.
            07:20 Similar but fainter.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            08:45 Glow with one ray.
            09:30 Several rays.
                (S45.8 E169.3) - Heriot, West Otago, New Zealand
            09:00 to 12:30 Arc IBC 2.
                (S45.9 E170.5) - Dunedin, New Zealand
            10:00 White or green glow with a few green and pink rays.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand
                Similar.
                (S46.5 E168.3) - Otatara, Invercargill, New Zealand
            14:00 Cloudy but still bright in the south.
                (S46.4 E169.8) - Otekura, South Otago, New Zealand